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09-Biometrics-Lecture1-Day3-09-00-10-30

09-Biometrics-Lecture1-Day3-09-00-10-30 - An Introduction...

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1 An Introduction to Biometric Standards Dr Richard Guest University of Kent, UK [email protected] www.ee.kent.ac.uk
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2 Standards Overview { Many biometric standards published or under development: z BioAPI - Interfaces between components. z CBEFF - Data elements and structures. z Interchange Formats. z X9.84 - Transmission and storage of biometric data. z BIP - Communications protocols.
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3 The Standardisation Process
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4 { Interoperability { Vendor independence { Increased competition { Cost effectiveness { Reduced risk Background of high and increasing levels of activity within industrial, national and international arenas Why Standards?
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5 { Industry/Government z Consortia: BioAPI, Biometrics Consortium, … { National z National Standardisation Bodies: ANSI, BSI, AFNOR, { International z ISO/IEC, ICAO, EU (CEN/ISSS - Information Society Standardization System) Standardisation Bodies
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6 { In November 2001, the ANSI INCITS Executive Board established Technical Committee M1 on Biometrics. { Other NBs established similar structures z E.g. IST/44 Committee of the British Standards Institute (BSI) { These national committees now also serve to provide input to the ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1 (JTC 1) Subcommittee 37 on Biometrics. { EU Countries also participate in a European Body – CEN National Bodies
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7 Standardisation Bodies AFNOR BSI ANSI ISO/IEC CEN BioAPI BC Industry Consortia National Bodies International Bodies
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8 { Main international standards bodies relevant to Information Security are: z International Organization for Standardization (ISO), z International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), z International Telecommunications Union (ITU). International Standards Bodies
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9 ISO Standardisation Process
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10 ISO IEC ISO/IEC JTC1 Information Technology International ANSI National X9 (US TAG ISO TC 68) INCITS (US TAG ISO/IEC JTC 1) X9F Data & Information Security B10 Identification Cards and Related Devices BioAPI Consortium NIST/BC Biometric WG Open Group OASIS SC 37 Biometrics SC 27 IT Security Techniques SC 17 Cards & Personal Identification M1 Biometrics T4 Security Techniques TC 68 Banking, securities and other financial services \ ICAO ITU-T ISO Standardisation Process
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11 Contributing Knowledge { OASIS XML Common Biometric Format (XCBF). { X9.84 “Biometrics Information Management and Security” – transaction based systems. { The Open Group Security Program Group (TOG- SPG) - CDSA Open Group Technical Standard - layered security services and cryptographic framework
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12 { ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee 1 (JTC 1) established Subcommittee 37 on Biometrics in June 2002. { The establishment of JTC 1/SC 37 provides an international venue to accelerate and harmonize formal international biometric standardization. { Such harmonization will help to ensure that future standards based systems and applications are more interoperable, scalable, reliable, usable, and secure.
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