12-Biometrics-Lecture-12-Part2-2008-12-08

12-Biometrics-Lecture-12-Part2-2008-12-08 - 1 Biometrics...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Biometrics http://scgwww.epfl.ch/courses Master SC – Information and Communication Security Dr. Andrzej Drygajlo Speech Processing and Biometrics Group Signal Processing Institute Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) Center for Interdisciplinary Studies in Information Security (ISIS) 2 Multibiometric Sources 3 Application Programming Interface (API) Biometrics is the automated use of physiological or behavioral characteristics to determine or verify an identity For wide acceptance of biometrics, methods for performance evaluation and standards for interfaces are needed 4 Basic Standards • BioAPI – The most popular API in the biometrics area • CBEFF – Common Biometric Exchange File Format • ANSI X9.84-2003 – Biometric Information Management and Security for the Financial Services Industry • ISO/IEC SC37 – Biometric Technology 5 Biometric Authentication Systems • Layers of interaction with biometric authentication systems • Scope – Standardization of generic biometric technologies to support interoperability and data interchange between applications and systems – Included are: application programming interfaces (APIs), common file formats, biometric templates, template protection techniques, related application/implementation profiles, methodologies for conformity 6 Why standards? • Interoperability • Vendor independence • Cost effectiveness • Increased competition • Reduced risk Background of high and increasing levels of standardisation activity within industrial, national and international arenas Beware of the Acronyms 7 Standardisation Bodies • Industry – Industry Consortia: BioAPI, BC (Biometric Consortium), … • National – National Standardization Bodies ¡ ANSI (American National Standards Institute), SNV (Swiss Association for Standardization), … • International – ISO/IEC (International Organization for Standardization / International Electrotechnical Commission) – ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) – EU ¡ CEN/ISSS (European Committee for Standardization / Information Society Standardization System) 8 Basic Application – Adaptation of ICAO NTWG recommendations for ePassport ¡ Storage on ISO 14443 conform Chip ¡ Primary biometric feature FACE ¡ FINGER and IRIS optional features – Interoperability is based on defined interfaces and data interchange formats ¡ Governmental (Passport) Applications 9 International Standards Bodies International Organization for Standardization International Electrotechnical Commission Joint Technical Committee One SC 17 Cards & Personal Identification SC 17 Cards & Personal Identification SC 27 IT Security Techniques SC 27 IT Security Techniques SC 37 Biometric Technology SC 37 Biometric Technology TC 68 Banking, Securities and Financial services TC 68 Banking, Securities and Financial services SC 2 Security and General Banking Operations SC 2 Security and General Banking Operations Formal Liaison Relationships Relative to Biometric Standards 10...
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This note was uploaded on 06/25/2009 for the course MATH MAT 400 taught by Professor Jamespotvein during the Fall '08 term at University of Toronto.

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12-Biometrics-Lecture-12-Part2-2008-12-08 - 1 Biometrics...

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