Andrzej_Drygajlo_Slides

Andrzej_Drygajlo_Slides - EPFL I&C Research Day 2007 1...

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1 Biometrics for Identity Verification Dr. Andrzej Drygajlo LIDIAP Speech Processing and Biometrics Group School of Engineering (STI) Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) Center for Interdisciplinary Studies in Information Security (ISIS) EPFL I&C Research Day 2007
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2 Trust "Who are you?" "I am Arjen Lenstra." "Is this person who he claims to be?" How to ensure positive identification of human beings throughout an open, free ecosystem that encompasses the collective political, physical, social, and economic environments, stretching well beyond the borders …?
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3 Identity Theft and Fraud
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4 Biometrics in Europe – Trend Reports 2006 and 2007 With increasing identity fraud and emphasis on security , there is a growing and urgent need to efficiently identify humans both locally and remotely on a routine basis. Whether it is a smart card , access token or biometric technique employed on the front end, the secret to positive identification is a robust technological infrastructure on the back end. From the point of view of security, biometric measures to prevent interference by unauthorised persons constitute a particularly important means of protecting critical infrastructures . A global breakthrough by biometrics in identity verification technology seems to be imminent in the form of its use in identity documents and corresponding biometrically-based controls at frontiers. In considering the possibility of a new (biometric) identity card , any country should think of electronic identity as infrastructure , like a railway, electricity or transportation system.
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5 Very Large Scale Systems The biometric enhancement of identity documents and smart cards and their global use in identity controls constitute a task on such a scale that experience to date (e.g. with pilot projects on border controls with limited number of participants) can, at best, provide only a rough estimate of the outcome.
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6 What are biometrics worth? "A Touch of Money"
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7 Market share
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8 What is new? Identity documents for Swiss citizens are the passport and the identity card (IDK). Both are also referred to as travel documents. Proof of identity in association with travel documents is mostly based on the comparison of biometric characteristics . Swiss Passport 1927 … … and 2003
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9 Biometrics Enabled Electronic Passports (2009) In accordance with ICAO and EU specifications, the data of the machine readable zone, the facial image and two fingerprints plus electronic signatures will be stored in the chip. Integration of Technologies : chip card (smart card), radio-frequency identification (RFID), electronic signatures and public key infrastructure (PKI), back-office systems (databases), biometrics
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10 eBorders in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) Iris recognition system Fully operational since April 2003 36 land, air and sea ports 12,000 passengers each day 1 central database Watchlist application Fully networked Enrolment centres: prisons and deportation centres
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Andrzej_Drygajlo_Slides - EPFL I&C Research Day 2007 1...

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