Midterm Answers Joelle

Midterm Answers Joelle - History 245 First Midterm Exam 1....

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First Midterm Exam 1. Give five examples of Victorian repression listed in Women in Modern America. P2-3 Married women had no control over their earnings. Married women had no control over their children. Married women had no control over their property. Married women needed consent of husband when entering business partnerships or signing business contracts. Prohibited from voting-only 4 states allowed women to vote in state and federal elections. (Wyoming, Utah, Colorado and Idaho) 2. Compare and contrast the position of women in 1800 and 1900. P3-4 In 1800 it was difficult for women to get an education. No colleges accepted them. Girls were only allowed to go to grammar school in the summer when the classrooms were empty because the boys worked on family farms. It was considered sufficient for the girls to just learn to read and write by their mothers or at local “dame” schools taught by older spinsters. Educated women were called “bluestockings” and were suspiciously guarded for threatening the domestic norm – women at home and men in public places. By 1900, girls were allowed to have an elementary and secondary education. Private academies (high schools) for girls were founded and local public school systems were expanded to include girls. By 1890 more girls were graduating from high school as more boys dropped out to seek jobs. Higher education was now also available as Oberlin and Antioch opened their doors to women. State legislatures founded both universities and teacher-training schools which attracted many woman students. 3. Why did the culture of romantic friendships arise in the nineteenth century? P9 A culture of romantic friendships arose in the mid-nineteenth century and still existed in 1890. It arose from the Victorian separation between the genders and from the prohibition of sexuality before marriage at a time when the age of first marriage was rising. There was an increasing number of unmarried young people and more women than men in the Northeast and the South after the death of millions of men during the Civil War. These romantic friendships allowed bonds of affection between women which helped them in avoiding the strong sexual drive of young men until they married. These women wrote passionate letters to one another, sometimes lived together on a long-term basis in “Boston Marriages” and some relationships may have been sexual. 4. How were women discriminated against in the work force in the late nineteenth
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Midterm Answers Joelle - History 245 First Midterm Exam 1....

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