Lec Hx of AIDS

Lec Hx of AIDS - History of the AIDS Epidemic Over 33...

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History of the AIDS History of the AIDS Epidemic Epidemic © UN/DPI Photo and AVERT H312 AIDS and STIs in a Modern Society: A Global Perspective Over 33 million living with HIV / AIDS and counting…
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AIDS – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome 1981 – GRID: Gay-Related Immune Deficiency 1982 -  GRID was changed to AIDS AIDS reported among hemophiliacs, adult heterosexuals and in children 1993 – Redefinition of HIV/AIDS ( THE IMPACT ) Huge impact on the number of AIDS cases:  151% increase in cases in  women, 105% cases in men and increase cases among minorities. HIV - Human              Immunodeficiency              virus
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AIDS Definition  AIDS Definition  An individual must:  Be HIV positive      and Have less than 200 CD4+ T-cell count / µL of blood     or One of the opportunistic infections or diseases Candidiasis of bronchi, trachea, or lungs Candidiasis esophageal Cervical cancer Coccidioidomycosis Cryptococcosis Cryptosporidiosis, chronic intestinal for longer than one month Cytomegalovirus disease Encephalopathy (HIV related) Herpes simplex: chronic ulcer(s) or bronchitis, pneumonitis, or esophagitis Histoplasmosis Isosporiasis Kaposi’s Sarcoma Lymphoma Burkitt’s Mycobacterium avium complex Mycobacterium Pneumocytosis jiroveci pneumonia Pneumonia (recurrent) Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy Salmonella septicemia Toxoplasmosis of the brain Disseminated tuberculosis Wasting syndrome due to HIV
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1981 – First Cases Reported 1981 – First Cases Reported CDC reports first cases of rare pneumonia,  and later kaposi’s Sarcoma, among young  homosexual men. June 1981 : reports of new disease in male homosexual community in U.S. 5 men in LA area diagnosed with PCP (pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, a type of pneumonia carried by birds). July 1981 : reports of Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS), a very uncommon cancer, found in 26 gay men in NYC and California.
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January 1983 – HIV Isolated  Luc Montagnier of Pasteur Institute in Paris  isolates a retrovirus from patients with AIDS.   Named the retrovirus “LAV” –   lymphadenopathy associated virus. US Public Health Service issues  recommendations for preventing  transmission of AIDS through sexual contact  and blood transfusions. 1984 – Robert Gallo publishes evidence that  the retrovirus that will later be called HIV  causes AIDS. In Africa, a heterosexual AIDS epidemic is 
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This note was uploaded on 06/28/2009 for the course H 312 taught by Professor Staff during the Summer '08 term at Oregon State.

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Lec Hx of AIDS - History of the AIDS Epidemic Over 33...

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