psc_review_midterm_1_(3_slides_per_page)2

psc_review_midterm_1_(3_slides_per_page)2 - DISCLAIMER...

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1 DISCLAIMER DISCLAIMER: In no way is this review intended to be comprehensive, it is merely meant as an aid to help you in your studying. The information covered in this review does not cover all the material covered in lecture and the readings. I have done my best to cover what I think is important but I have not seen the midterm. Therefore just because I do not cover something does not mean it is not on the test, and just because I cover something doesn’t mean it will be on the test. This review is to help you in your studying. Enjoy. Psychology Scientific study of mind and behavior Studies the individual Studies how one thinks, feels, and acts Empirical Evolutionary Theory Variation in trait Heritability of trait Differential reproductive fitness This applies to behavior and mental process as well!
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2 Nature VS Nurture Nature=Genes Nurture=Environment Maternal Social You influence your environment What contributes more the the area of a rectangle, the length or the width? EXPERIENCE IS SUBJECTIVE! Knowledge, expectations, and beliefs influence perceptions The Evolution of Psychology Wilhelm Wundt “Father” of Psychology Independent discipline Science Conscious experience
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3 The Evolution of Psychology Structuralism Break consciousness down Basic elements of consciousness Sensations, feelings, images How are they related? Introspection The Evolution of Psychology William James: Functionalism Evolutionary theory Why was consciousness selected? Study purpose of consciousness Not structure Consciousness is a continuous flow of thoughts The Evolution of Psychology Sigmund Freud Study the unconscious Thoughts, memories and desires below surface of awareness Determinants of behavior “Freudian Slip” Many behaviors greatly influenced by sexual urges
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The Evolution of Psychology John Watson: Behaviorism Only study observable behavior Abandon the study of consciousness Nurture, not nature Stimulus - Response Perspectives in Psychology Psychodynamic Freud Unconscious determinants of behavior Behavioral Watson and Skinner Observable behaviors Repeat responses that lead to positive outcomes Perspectives in Psychology Humanistic Unique qualities of humans Freedom, potential for personal growth Can’t study animals Cognitive Thinking or conscious experience How do we acquire store and process information? Biological Explain behavior via bodily structures and biochemical process Evolutionary What is the adaptive purpose for behavior? Behavior has evolved for a reason
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This note was uploaded on 06/29/2009 for the course PSC 1 taught by Professor Prokosch during the Winter '08 term at UC Davis.

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psc_review_midterm_1_(3_slides_per_page)2 - DISCLAIMER...

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