bio-200-1

bio-200-1 - c Sheet1 Page 3 inner membrane), and the matrix...

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Sheet1 Page 1 Bio 200 Several characteristics make mitochondria unique. The number of mitochondria in a cell varies widely by organism and tissue A mitochondrion contains outer and inner membranes composed of phospholipid bilayers and proteins.[6] The two membrane s [edit] Outer membrane The outer mitochondrial membrane, which encloses the entire organelle, has a protein-to-phospholipid ratio similar to that of t h In cell biology, a mitochondrion (plural mitochondria) is a membrane-enclosed organelle found in most eukaryotic cells.[1] The s
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Sheet1 Page 2 [8] whereas in murinae (rats), 940 proteins encoded by distinct genes were reported.[9] The mitochondrial proteome is though wever, have different properties. Because of this double-membraned organization, there are five distinct compartments within t h karyotic plasma membrane (about 1:1 by weight). It contains large numbers of integral proteins called porins. These porins form ganelles range from 0.5h10 micrometers (hm) in diameter. Mitochondria are sometimes described as "cellular power plants" be
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Unformatted text preview: c Sheet1 Page 3 inner membrane), and the matrix (space within the inner membrane). inus binds to a large multisubunit protein called translocase of the outer membrane, which then active s signaling, cellular differentiation, cell death, as well as the control of the cell cycle and cell growth.[3 Sheet1 Page 4 ely moves them across the membrane.[12] Disruption of the outer membrane permits proteins in the in 3] Mitochondria have been implicated in several human diseases, including mitochondrial disorders[4] Sheet1 Page 5 intermembrane space to leak into the cytosol, leading to certain cell death.[13] ] and cardiac dysfunction,[5] and may play a role in the aging process. The word mitochondrion comes Sheet1 Page 6 s from the Greek h?t?? or mitos, thread + ???d???? or khondrion, granule...
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bio-200-1 - c Sheet1 Page 3 inner membrane), and the matrix...

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