Quiz 1 -- Sample Solution 3

Quiz 1 -- Sample Solution 3 - SAuPze' Seaman! 3 Date: a?...

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Unformatted text preview: SAuPze' Seaman! 3 Date: a? 50% CEE 3000: CIVIL ENGINEERING SYSTEMS QUIZ 1 Spring 2008 Closed Books/Notes (1a) D ographically, environmentally and economically, the world is at a unique era in hu [flistory List five conditions (two demographic, two environmental and one c omic) that are occurring for the first time in the history of the world. (Answer the uest n with simple bullet points) (5 points) {($00 (feat/JDde within Cl Cc‘flfuflf' A if i p . ‘ fleiWC§[,f?Z;(3 HQ a PLth 0 n (7 E> (at E CLVCV than WWE peptrlt’ib m U \fo (CL u: SC WA {87 Cm QC. {7‘0 .‘X .- UHSKI Sfilfl .L\D\€ USO (“9 For“) {flak-Eff 6D extort-tank ’ More, CcrthxQ-(Shcct weather due “to Ccafffifnc 1%] $3 enummmtat J g, ($22M. EKXDAWK _ ' 9.. \ ._ ,‘,\-/_ .. , (M (3.3 amen/(91m; COULQJCHCSD are, mtfeasiflc they. (7n ‘r f \ be (0 M (3 0i916) /’7 ‘ e x. as A your opinion what are three priority sustainable development issues in developed untnies? What are three priority issues in developing countries? (Bullet points) (5 méflcifl ‘ \mcifi’k (glibQCK‘ME‘S [9C3LEC&, 9%15 OX} Cc‘quQS ficfl ; « ([0765 / __ ‘ ., 5 . » 7 k 3 w‘ K ~ ‘\ Cl’ifofltt diseases Mm; heat-Ti Axgéaga 010d diEPQEgD‘Un " awed-ti a? (as—loom (an/1551003 @135»? amides, imdubfiiesKi‘Q. in thine [5610 1 Cecméfle s , ltwahtncj; mfgcfickig oit‘efiKCxS65 : Chfiffihflf’y Mahfla {etch " " f m" bm cer ‘ We 1 W ‘n \ memtécicfis €21.31 ‘5 Atxhetcur. it I Eachebih .461x‘zgogj Ella-ma meat—ch define? graham [6‘qu it; reduced bccdi’eefthf (Regime het sec-ta) _/ / (2a) Wh t page/flack loop? Give one example of a negative feedback loop — (caused by hu an engi ering activities) that inhibits sustainable development. (5 points) it a épf‘7-bctck {cop is doe?» ‘. _ _. _v w the 533:? G‘Gaifi‘s ao ci’néeci, which in tum PCASifue-H C3? necglhm’ia 0%CQB mil-mi CC1LL$€;Ei’\l'% WCQ-W‘Ifb £1 qué. ‘1 o - C " \ ~. ’ "x ' i WWWG i0 increased toolbar pie UEi‘MLiGg on He \l'Néik'iocc—‘(C/i metatqu (my (CV1 Creaieg ((30 "495500, f“; (Ci 153500 Maififg Panic l", amtsaoof». HARM (not? lane‘s “ otter needed. but" this LOCzLSLid “It git. (dowemw €xatefifya/W problem. This is CCLiieCi shitting» Hoe {Damien ex. itlcpeagm the number (cone; to Winona lead; (2b) The missio statement of he Louisiana Department of Transportation is “to enh the quality f life and foster economic growth by managing resources, planning, imp ing safety, preserving and operating infrastructure, and advancing mobility and t at this mission gets implemented in the long term using performance-based .(Bullet points) (5 points) / m “Medic {HPULJC ‘ C eat?» S" :3 1% i ' Wu“; BOT Count i‘D . genyygiifsh g7:er fists Mists-((30 Stattcl/henf v e $96.,c..;i‘5‘c among arlccCan/lfoil‘sh He 056 £61,395 1 ( Mamie; PYZSQSCE$ S; 0&9}? Ciicfig [Ne if? ( acci‘i/HPKQ L656. DU ibmmoce {V1 Fa-Csbtreg @fldgfl Li \\ . U l \\ o, _ l W ’ '3.. _ m BLEQWW WM"? “‘09P” Vii/xi“ W“ . (>0 reldh‘o (34:; ‘- remaining 85% of atmospheric C02 comes from industry, buildings and agriculture, the report (3) The information below was extracted from the article “Study looks at transportation ’s effects on global warming” by Doyle Rice in the January 6, 2008 issue of USA Today. new study released Monday reports that 15% of the manmade carbon dioxide (C02) in the Earth’s atmosphere comes from cars, trucks, airplanes, trains and ships. This is the first study to specifically measure the impact of transportation on global greenhouse gas emissions. The said. The study was led by Jan F uglestvedt and other scientists at the Center for lntemational Climate and Environmental Research in Oslo. The scientists reported that within the transport sector, road transportation (cars, buses and trucks) contributes the most green house gases, which include CO; ozone, methane, and others. And wh' e transport sector is responsible for a growing share of global emissions, many of the ses emi ed by transportation aren’t covered by regulations from the Kyoto Protocol. The was u ished in the Proceedings 07_‘ the National Academy of Sciences. glibézwarming (8 points) m iN‘ZrO Capo ‘1“ Wall") {l I Viscuss the basic causes, ils and solutions :0 I CO ow 0% Causes: 3A GQM[5%\QD C) / OKOIZi 13C “WEI?” ./// ix ’— Perils: 50 global} it!“ CYiGKO‘ {fl Ocean which ES, GE Ll CE Solutions: pitcidce (C: a float?“ gotta as ’7 0M your opin1on, ex lain br' such as global warming. C: /l ./ (C. POLE/(1F, Flu fl why is it digcult to develop regulations to address issues points) mag ' (xiii flail q p a ’ ' ~ \( \ ~, 1\; - I. ’ some CC;2 emfsgieo 5, m and eacmm my hrs-troll 3m dangled I, 585; i (“Goiurgd \Dl‘C‘nglklerSt‘ t We [curl adapt 3m Jemima memoMent i Mitt S5117] pefaiufe , motel coeoliLQT/dlrfl/zate ‘2th (‘6 at it» ($63?qu ioq teem; renewable €34. lltngbPr-‘RDQV, i'tA-ipciaflm / Fa CJ(_U€__(\ be Mm {QC 2‘5; a waddle-o (ole, [23$qu [)9 06’? l7; TD galoa ML. for it '0 0.55 L( lama} (4) The table below shows trends in the Travel Time Index for several very large metropolitan areas. Study the data and answer the questions below. (10 points) _ Travel Time Index (TTI)* Year 2005 2004 2002 Urban Area Chicao,IL 1.38 1.36 7 1.14 Dallas-Fort Wort-Arlinton, TX Miami, FL Sn Francisco-Oakland LA-Lon Beach-Santa Ana [2007 Urban Mobility Report, Texas Transportation Institute] "r g H ( I - *TTI: Ratio of travel time in the peak period to the travel time at free-flow conditions. «7 (p {g h t (l 1' 5 \(‘DQ GK 5 A leading economist recently suggested that uneconomic growth will soon occur if such trends associated with urban growth continue. (a) What is “uneconomic” or “bad” growth?_ . x _. h I , Time» is where, more, harm 1‘9; barn f clone Hr)er (iced m We .ECCQQMK{ . There ave MCVa ‘ (Men Cod than benefi t3 (b) What are three symptoms of uneconomic or bad growth when one considers the highway system of a metropolitan area? . a ,v r Lt w - - F) v . ~ mm more H W. 9.050% to (<21?er I (More meow %pefl+ m (c) How do nations, cities, etc., generally measure economic growth? ‘ g (139,4) drown/is.le Lg 3, increased it (of OLCC. [cl 6. D K (d) Assuming that the urban areas (in the table above) wanted to measure how well their highway systems were doing with regard to sustainable development, what measures %A of performance would be appropriatefitgysel \ \_ ‘ /’ / N -' V, 2 Triad time, today (@931 9:? Mile, pep (fibrin . , l angfieeb‘oo , liL7L(Yl\D€V Ci’ lfificffihcoatr lc1 HE’S: added, fittmbel‘ 0% 6710er rr‘clers increased (5) Urban planners hope to improve the quality of life for residents in a rundown section of a city. (10 points) (a) What factors might be appropriate for measuring the quality of life in the area? >- $330“ Deat‘GSi alum/l ‘ afgfbccfl/f glare . publ (c, ROSA] \ K 39b i(«:i‘a . ' amount 6% Boise: “ ' Mount 5% cmwa QC 5t 6 A {DPCKCCDI (b) How could the s stemsa roach be applied to assist in accomplishing the end goal? 5 3 @2167ng have ice? Congldcrecl '. \I' Q Ekalewholdier CiTQR é) V? fixufza EMPQ @ (Cocfgififfl, lWXPCkCt (366%fo afigl diva ’ {hp}; (LOOuJCfi it)? CK $Ct$i2kff>€xiqi€ QPPanCLh (c) What groups should be included in the planning process? A rm - Pulolic, people, i501 DOQ if Q CL 786;) y ’ 006??) MEN? by /\, ’ enormian ml C‘KQCL GE‘Ufil 07038966? {A SC‘E ‘ @rcqule(V$ am QCbC‘LD PiCxOflEbe (6) BONUS POINTS (Up to 3 points) ; “Many global environmental and humanitarian problems will become more pressing over the next 50 years. The issues will compete for a limited supply of attention, effort and money.” Read the excerpt below and answer the following questions. The 1972 Clean Water Act recognized the value of wetlands in purifying water supplies, reducing droughts and floods, and harboring valuable species. The law thus required builders to restore or create as many acres of wetland as they destroyed. Yet the marshes and swamps continued to disappear, with more than a million acres damaged by development from 1985 to 1995, according to the US. Interior Department. So the government took a new tack about a decade ago and allowed developers to buy credits from private wetland restoration banks rather than doing the work themselves. Saving wetlands suddenly became a business opportunity instead of a liability. One such bank bought and restored 206 acres of swampland in the New Jersey Meadowlands for $65,000 per acre, then sold credits to developers (who need them to gain approval for construction) at a price of $150,000 per mitigated acre, earning $17.5 million on the deals. Mitigation banks have flourished and the 500 or so now active in the US. have restored some 23,000 acres and sold nearly $300 million in credits, according to Ecosystem Marketplace. In 1993 the US. Fish and Wildlife Service started a similar program of conservation banks to help protect endangered species. (Gibbs, 2005) (a) Name two social mechanisms that are generally used to prioritize the problems that a city or state needs to solve? ECG/mom Camel ficflCWMGfl-t clem‘cle tom-l Pm (b) What are the pros and cons of each system? In other words, what causes the success or failure of each system for a city, state or other entity trying to achieve sustainable development? islet/V13 gale”; ($bqyw%fil _fim, ggjqcm%lg Qéé.ffifid€. P3hlq lGQdUS t: 3%Zwm%ifl €ng I (on 2 cadumpm r (bags {'11 I CCECLOC; bio r V r ’ z‘i‘S cheaper) The i deferment K: F6C-gziifl,i0‘009> \DQKP C(C COM @EHHOO cohch (Cm Clmfler, ( m ’ . ll (E: Cliéjqpei‘ ‘17) be cmgue {QCltlBlfi » €919}er octlgle Claude? WWW i— be obi) at) (CO $1“ 6-in (fr/1% K 0 Ra:h5€h3%tfikxxtiflfifiioj7€h hffiufi (dle flea ~ ammo) {Mame 051m .6? Cm {€116 Meat CERF) A Lt ugh. 93m. 2' m. [Qi <9 (fl; . . 6 EX. 30.; perml’b ‘, €057 ‘- Malarifléé lfa’ci ‘0 ( Pm . ' lucid of 60 we 6 (card g '3 :2 t1 J‘vtafl 'LL 5 ...
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This note was uploaded on 06/29/2009 for the course CEE 3000 taught by Professor Meyer during the Spring '07 term at Georgia Institute of Technology.

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Quiz 1 -- Sample Solution 3 - SAuPze' Seaman! 3 Date: a?...

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