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essay - Alison Claire Burnette Sociology 101 Chapter 12...

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Alison Claire Burnette Sociology 101 Chapter 12 – Essay 1. In the United States, there are three competing models of power – the pluralist model, the power-elite model, and the Marxist model. According to the pluralist model, power is “spread among many competing interest groups” (pg. 360). So, basically, all groups have at least some voice in government and power. “Pluralists claim that politics is an arena of negotiation. No single organization can expect to achieve all of its goals” (pg. 360). In addition, pluralists believe that the United States is a democracy because power is spread widely enough to make it such. This is the only model that sees the United States as a democracy. According to the power-elite model, power is “concentrated among the rich” (pg. 360). The elite are basically the “super-rich” members of society (top business leaders, political leaders, and the highest-ranking military officials) who, together, control the “three major sectors of U.S. society: the economy, the government, and the military” (pg. 360). Power- elite theorists do not believe that the United States is a true democracy because the power is concentrated in the hands of very few people. This limits the ability for an average person to have his/her voice heard in politics.
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