6_22_09_lecture_notes - SOCI 1301 Lecture Notes 6/22/09 (ch...

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SOCI 1301 – Lecture Notes – 6/22/09 (ch 11) American class system (use these notes for test, not the chapter) Absolute vs Relative Poverty Absolute poverty – does not have basic resources to stay alive, can be remedied (within limits). Relative poverty can never be completely eradicated. Intergenerational mobility – between generations Intragenerational mobility – within your lifetime Substantial move up or down can be 6 generations. Most Americans experience horizontal mobility. Social classes → structural variables → Class, gender, race -classes persist -cannot leave them -individual families may change -how they work is mostly invisible / latent – hidden or unacknowledged Ruling class - 5% of US population Upper Middle – 10% Middle Middle – 15% Working class – 50% Poor – 20% Ruling class 1. “Old money” vs “new money”, new = richer 2. Most exclusive class – can only get in through marriage or birth 3. Highest marriage rates, lowest divorce rates 4. Overwhelmingly white and protestant [Presbyterian, episcopalian, congregational, quakers]
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6_22_09_lecture_notes - SOCI 1301 Lecture Notes 6/22/09 (ch...

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