History 7A Midterm Review Terms

History 7A Midterm Review Terms - Atlantic Slave Trade:...

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Atlantic Slave Trade : started when the Portuguese and Spanish reached sub-saharan Africa in mid to late 1400s. The Atlantic Slave Trade was the process of capturing, enslaving, and selling Africans to the West Indies and Americas. Although slavery existed before the AST came into existence, it was not a systematic enslavement of the mass of agricultural workers, based on race, or passed from parent to child (these were all “innovations” of the Atlantic Slave Trade). The significance of the ATS was that it brought slaves to America (colonists had tried to enslave Indians but it hadn’t worked), and paved the way for racism and other conflicts that involved slavery/racial issues. Black Codes : first originated in the West Indies, then were borrowed by the Americans. Spanned from 1660s-1700s. They were a gradual deprivation of rights. The first black codes merely restricted inter- racial marriage, but later codes would restrict the right of African Americans to testify in courts or congregating in groups. Black Codes paved the way for increased racism (belief that people who look different than you are inferior to you). Deference Politics : Deferring to your social superiors. Social superiority was defined by occupation and amount of wealth. In the colonies, social hierarchies were things that were not only unavoidable, but also able to be agreed upon. Deference politics were manifest in the ways people were elected to public office, sat in the meeting-houses and even where they would sit in church. This general mode of political behavior was practiced in all the colonies, and would gradually shift until the Revolution (when they believed that all men were created equal). Mr. Worthy/ Strutabout Treating : The process of social superiors expressing their generosity to social inferiors in order to get the inferiors to vote for them. This is clearly manifest in Virginia, where the wealthiest families would treat the voters before election day in order to win votes (this is also shown in The Candidates ). Bacon’s Rebellion : Bacon’s rebellion was an uprising in 1676 in Virginia. The governor of Virginia (William Barkley) was discouraging settlers from encroaching on Indian lands (because they were in alliance with the VA government, or would be too hard to fight). Young settlers wanted to expand and encroach on Indian lands, so they found Nathaniel Bacon to lead them to fight against the Indians. In September, the army burned Jamestown (Barkley flees) and Bacon dies. The significance of Bacon’s rebellion was in the way in which racial inequality unified whites who differed in so many ways (status, occupation, etc) from eachother. Did they get anything done? Get any territory? And if they were using race as a rallying point, why did bacon’s army consist of enslaved Africans? Were they considered on the whites side at that point? Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts (SPG)
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This note was uploaded on 06/30/2009 for the course HISTORY 7a taught by Professor Einhorn during the Spring '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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History 7A Midterm Review Terms - Atlantic Slave Trade:...

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