Lesson 34 Symmetrical Hingeless Arch Version 2 CE IIT, Kharagpur
Instructional Objectives: After reading this chapter the student will be able to 1. Analyse hingeless arch by the method of least work. 2. Analyse the fixed-fixed arch by the elastic-centre method. 3. Compute reactions and stresses in hingeless arch due to temperature change. 34.1 Introduction As stated in the previous lesson, two-hinged and three-hinged arches are commonly used in practice. The deflection and the moment at the center of the hingeless arch are somewhat smaller than that of the two-hinged arch. However, the hingeless arch has to be designed for support moment. A hingeless arch (fixed–fixed arch) is a statically redundant structure having three redundant reactions. In the case of fixed–fixed arch there are six reaction components; three at each fixed end. Apart from three equilibrium equations three more equations are required to calculate bending moment, shear force and horizontal thrust at any cross section of the arch. These three extra equations may be set up from the geometry deformation of the arch. 34.2 Analysis of Symmetrical Hingeless Arch Consider a symmetrical arch of span Land central rise of Let the loading on the arch is also symmetrical as shown in Fig 34.1. Consider reaction components chVersion 2 CE IIT, Kharagpur
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