Lecture_2,_core_2,2

Lecture_2,_core_2,2 - The mental world of traditional...

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The mental world of traditional societies: Europe and China Painting: Reymerswaele, “Two Tax Collectors” ca. 1540
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What are the bases of authority in the modern world?
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Authority in Europe around 1500 The Christian God God’s representatives, i.e. the Pope and clergy Kings also have a “divine right” to rule The social order is ordained by God Tradition: laws and customs Some skepticism, but it is often punished Little outright unbelief
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Common attitudes Fatalism: Death is common and inevitable The afterlife is more important than the present life God intervenes in the world, and wonders are common and the work of God Change and progress are not necessarily good.
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Brueghel, Triumph of Death
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Monotheism. Catholic and Eastern Orthodox. hierarchical: importance of Pope and clergy. exclusive and missionary. authoritarian and traditional. Basis of authority: The Bible, the Church Fathers and the
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Lecture_2,_core_2,2 - The mental world of traditional...

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