Lecture_8,_core_2,2

Lecture_8,_core_2,2 - Innovations in European Thought and...

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Innovations in European Thought and Practice: The Reformation Traditional Religion: Major source of European identity. Catholic Monopoly. Belief that religious pluralism and tolerance is bad. Authoritarian—church controls information. Bible reading not encouraged.
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Religious establishment The church is necessary for your salvation. Hierarchical organization Pope is religious/political figure Church controls large amounts of wealth/land. Highly “mixed” level of competence among clergy.
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Holbein, Erasmus
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Bosch (1450-1516) Ship of Fools
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Bosch: detail from Temptation of St. Anthony
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Pope sells indulgences to finance building of St. Peters. Ninety-five theses in October 1517 (Wittenberg) attack the church and demand reform. Response to Luther’s attacks is tied up with political fragmentation and conflict in the German States. Leads to division between Catholics and
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Lecture_8,_core_2,2 - Innovations in European Thought and...

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