Lecture_7,_core_2,2

Lecture_7,_core_2,2 - Siege of Vienna 1529 The Islamic...

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Unformatted text preview: Siege of Vienna, 1529 The Islamic empires, 1500-1800 The Ottoman Empire (1289- 1923) • Osman leads bands of semi nomadic Turks to become ghazi : Muslim religious warriors Mehmed II (“the Conqueror,” 1451-1481) • Capture of Constantinople, 1453 • Renamed Istanbul • Transformation from warrior sultan to emperor of “two lands” (Europe, Asia) and “two seas” (Black Sea, Mediterranean) • Planned to capture Pope, unsuccessful Suleyman the Magnificent (r. 1520- 1566) • Expanded into Asia, Europe • Besieged Vienna, 1529 • Develops naval power • Pragmatic statesman as well as a good general: divides European powers • Presides over a “golden age” Ottoman Society • Warlike Values • Superb Administrators (able to control areas that they conquer) • Islamic Ottoman Power and Institutions • Sultan is also an Imam: military and religious leader • Chief minister: Grand Vizier • Viziers (vice regents) • Amirs (governors) • Serious succession problems! Ottoman Military • Society is always mobilized for war • Skilled mounted archers • Light and heavy artillery • Elite warriors: Janissaries Janissaries Ottoman Military Band Topkapi Palace, Istanbul Topkapi Harem, Topkapi Ottoman design and calligraphy Hagia Sophia, redone as a mosque, Istanbul...
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This note was uploaded on 07/03/2009 for the course HIST 0819 taught by Professor Ebert during the Spring '09 term at CUNY Brooklyn.

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Lecture_7,_core_2,2 - Siege of Vienna 1529 The Islamic...

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