Lecture_6,_Ming

Lecture_6,_Ming - The Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) Founded by...

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The Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) Founded by Emperor Hongwu (r. 1368- 1398) Used traveling officials called Mandarins and large number of eunuchs to maintain control Emperor Yongle (r. 1403-1424) experiments with sea expeditions, moves capital north to Beijing to deter Mongol attacks
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Ming China, 1368-1644
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Ming Decline 16 th century maritime pirates harm coastal trade Navy, government unable to respond effectively Emperors secluded in Forbidden City, palace compound in Beijing Hedonists Emperor Wanli (r. 1572-1620) abandons imperial activity to eunuchs
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Ming Collapse Famine, peasant rebellions in early 17 th century Rebels take Beijing in 1644 Manchu fighters enter from the north and retake city Manchus refuse to allow reestablishment of Ming dynasty Establish Qing (“Pure”) Dynasty
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The Qing empire, 1644-1911
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The Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) Manchus originally pastoral nomads, north of Great Wall Chieftan Nurhaci (r. 1616-1626) unifies tribes into state, develops laws, military Establishes control over Korea, Mongolia, China Manchus forbid intermarriage, study of Manchu language by Chinese, force Manchu hairstyles as sign of loyalty
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Ming China, 1368-1644
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Emperor Kangxi (r. 1661-1722)
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Lecture_6,_Ming - The Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) Founded by...

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