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Lecture_4,_core2,2 - Columbian Exchange Initiated with the...

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Columbian Exchange Initiated with the voyage of Christopher Columbus: 1492. Definition: Global exchange of biota (plants, animals, germs) between the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. Brings problems and benefits to human societies. Leads to major transformations in all human societies. One of the defining aspects of the modern world.
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Italian cuisine: Polenta with tomato sauce
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African sweet potato and peanut soup
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“Thai” peppers and tomatoes
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“German” dining
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17 th century peasant meal
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Columbian Exchange: plants New world plants: potato, corn (maize), peanut, manioc, chili, chocolate, tomato, squash, cotton. Old world foodstuffs: sugar, wheat, grapes.
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Corn (maize) Grown everywhere in the Americas by 1000 BCE. Introduced as an exotic plant in European botanical gardens after 1492. First consumed widely in Asian, Africa and Europe only in the 1700s. Now the main staple in many world regions.
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Potatoes Domesticated in the central Andes 7,000 years ago.
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