Revised_Prep_for_Final_Exam_1614

Revised_Prep_for_Final_Exam_1614 - Preparation for the...

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Page 1 Preparation for the Final Exam The Final Exam is on Units Three and Four. There will be twenty objective questions (each worth 1 point) taken from the outline in Unit Three. This will include five multiple-choice ques- tions, ten true-or-false questions, and five fill-in-the-blank questions. This part of the exam is worth 20 points so be sure to study the outline carefully before you take the exam. Also, there will be six identification items, each worth 5 points for a total of 30 points. On the exam you will see ten identification items listed, and you will be required to pick six of them. The “ His- tory 1614: Notes for the Final Exam” below has 31 identification items, and ten of those will appear on the Final Exam. Then, you pick six of those to write about. Obviously, these notes will help you prepare for the exam. Finally, there will be essays to write. Four 10-point essays will be listed, and you have to pick one to answer ( 10-points ). Then, there are four 20-point essays, and you pick two of them to an- swer ( 40 points ). The 10 and 20-point essays are broader questions on the material in Units Three and Four. When all of the points are added together, you have a 100-point exam. History 1614: Notes for the Final Exam 1. The Prayer of Twenty Millions and Lincoln’s Response: Horace Greeley, editor of the New York Tribune, was an ardent abolitionist. He wrote and published an open letter to President Lincoln on August 19, 1862. He called it the “Prayer of 20 Millions” because the population of the North was about 23 million. In the letter he made a strong plea for the abolition of slavery. He said that unless slaves were freed, the Civil War could end, but was sure to start again. He pointed out that foreign na- tions were against slavery, and that the U.S. must rid itself of this evil. Lincoln’s response is famous. He said, “My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union and is not either to save or destroy slavery.” He, thus, made it clear that the preservation of the Union was his chief concern, 2. Copperhead Platform of 1864: In the 1864 presidential election the Democrats nominated George B. McClellan for President (George Pendleton for Vice President). This pleased the War Democrats. To get the support of the Peace Democrats, Clement L. Vallandigham and some other peace ad- vocates were selected to write the Democratic Party Platform, i.e. what the party stood for. This platform came to be known as the “Copperhead Platform.” It called the Union war effort a failure and demanded an immediate armistice. It did not call for the independence of the seceded states. This platform weakened General McClellan’s chances of winning the election. Even so, Gen. Sherman’s capture of Atlanta in September 1864 had the greatest impact upon Lincoln’s reelection. Admiral Farragut’s capture of Mobile in August 1864 and Gen. Sheridan’s successes in the Shenandoah Val- ley also helped Lincoln’s chances of winning northern votes. 3.
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This note was uploaded on 07/02/2009 for the course HIST 1614 taught by Professor Donaldroberts during the Spring '09 term at Pittsburgh.

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Revised_Prep_for_Final_Exam_1614 - Preparation for the...

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