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CHAPTER 1 TOURISM IN PERSPECTIVE LEARNING OBJECTIVES • Understand what tourism is and its many definitions. • Learn the components of tourism and tourism management. • Examine the various approaches to studying tourism and determine which one is of greatest interest to you. • Appreciate how important this industry is to the economy of the world and of many countries. • Know the benefits and costs of tourism. CHAPTER OUTLINE Outline Summary Points of Emphasis 1. What is tourism? Mainly a study of why people travel (and why some don’t) and the socio- economic effects that their presence and expenditures have on society. The best definition seems to include four elements: the tourist, the businesses supplying goods and services, the government of the host community or area, and the host community. There are many definitions, depending on the country and the organization formulating the definition. 2. A comprehensive Fig. 1.1 provides a detailed description of many kinds of travelers and classification of how they are logically grouped and defined. travelers 3. Components of tourism Figure 1.3 attempts to describe the complexity of the relationship among and tourism management the many components of the tourism phenomenon. 4. Basic approaches to the These are; institutional, product, historical, managerial, economic, study of tourism sociological, geographical, interdisciplinary, and systems. 5. Economic importance Tourism is now the world’s largest industry, reaching almost $3.5 trillion (U.S.) in 2001 and generating 207 million jobs. WTO estimates 689 million international tourist arrivals in 2001. The U.S. leads in tourism expenditures followed by Germany and the United Kingdom. By the year 2011, the World Travel and Tourism Council forecasts that global tourism will exceed $7 trillion and 260 million jobs. 6. The benefits and costs Tourism provides both blessings and costs – like other industries. of tourism There are 22 benefits listed along with 14 problems or costs (see the chapter and below for it). But the main thesis is that when planned, developed and conducted in accordance
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  • Summer '06
  • BJMihalik
  • World Travel and Tourism Council, Tourism Management, inbound tourism, outbound tourism, Internal tourism

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