DefinitionsCh 4 5 - Chapter 4 Bill of Rights the first ten...

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Chapter 4 Bill of Rights the first ten amendments to the Constitution which set forth basic protections for individual rights to free expression, fair trial and property. civil liberties the fundamental individual rights of a free society, such as freedom of speech and the right to a jury trial, which in the United States are protected by the Bill of Rights. clear-and-present-danger test a test devised by the Supreme Court in 1919 in order to define the limits of free speech in the context of national security. According to the text, government cannot abridge political expression unless it presents a clear and present danger to the nation's security. due-process clause a clause in the Fourteenth Amendment which refers to the legal procedures that have been established as a means of protecting individuals' rights. establishment clause the First Amendment provision that government may not favor one religion over another, or religion over no religion, and that prohibits Congress from passing laws respecting the establishment of religion. exclusionary rule the legal principle that government is prohibited from using in trials evidence that was obtained by unconstitutional means (for example, illegal search and
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DefinitionsCh 4 5 - Chapter 4 Bill of Rights the first ten...

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