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Unformatted text preview: Political Culture: Seeking a More Perfect Union Chapter 1 1 Which of the following is not considered a core political ideal in the United States? A) Som 2 The reality that officials in the United States spend comparatively less money on government programs for the poor than other fully industrialized democracies reflects the American ideal of E) individualism. 3 The two primary sources of political conflict are C) scarcity and differences in values. 4 Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean Jacques Rousseau would all have agreed with which of the following statements? C ) All legitimate governments are based on a social contract. 5 In Leviathan (1651), _____ argued that the government rests on a social contract in which ordinary people surrender what they would have in the state of nature in return for the protection a sovereign ruler could provide. A) Thomas Hobbes 6 One effect of the American political system's use of checks and balances is A) extreme fragmentation of governing authority. 7 Which of the following statements provides the most accurate description of democracy as practiced in the United States? D) The people govern through elected representatives. 8 Which of the following is an input into the American political system? E) All of the answers are correct 9 Which of the following is an output of the American political system? C) law passed by Congress and presidential decision in foreign policy 10 In contrast to most regimes established by military coups in recent decades, Nazi Germany and Stalinist Russia were C) totalitarian. 11 Pluralists such as _____ argue that government responds to the true interests of most Americans most of the time. D) Robert Dahl 12 Thomas Jefferson counted the founding of which university to be among his greatest accomplishments? B) the University of Virginia 13 Being the world's highest rate, roughly _____ of Americans have a college degree. C) one-quarter 14 Which of the following statements is true? A) Slavery lasted for almost 250 years in America. B) The Jim Crow era followed the Civil War. C) In 1882, Congress suspended Chinese immigration on the assumption that the Chinese were an inferior people. D) President Calvin Coolidge asked Congress for a permanent ban on Chinese immigration in 1923. E) All of the answers are correct. 15 Which of the following statements is true of African Americans today? A) African Americans have equal rights under the law. B) African Americans are twice as likely as whites to live in poverty. C) African Americans are twice as likely as whites to be unable to find a job. D) African Americans are twice as likely as whites to die in infancy. E) All of the answers are correct....
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