Glossary_study notes

Glossary_study notes - American Government Direct...

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American Government Direct Democracy -Procedures such as the initiative, the referendum, and the recall, by which voters can have a direct impact on policy making and the political process by means of the voting booth. Representative democracy -A basic principle of traditional democratic theory that describes the relationship between the few leaders and the many followers. Majority rule -A fundamental principle of traditional democratic theory. In a democracy, choosing among alternatives requires that the majority's desire be respected. Social contract theory -A theory of politics that asserted that the state is created by the mutual consent (contract) of its members. Authority -As distinct from power, the condition in which obedience to the laws and customs of the political community is self-willed. Legitimacy -a characterization of elections by political scientist meaning that they are almost universally accepted as a fair and free method of selecting political leaders Power -The capacity to get people to do something that they would not otherwise do. The quest for power is a strong motivation to political activity. Influence - the power that somebody has to affect other people's thinking or actions by means of argument, example, or force of personality Politics- Who gets what, when, and how. Politics produces authoritative decisions about public issues. Constitutionalism -  The term  Constitutionalism  refers to the position or practice that  government  be limited by a  constitution , usually written. The document may specify its  relation to statutes, treaties, executive and judicial actions, and the constitutions or laws  of regional jurisdictions. The term may also refer to a movement or effort to enforce  such a legal order, usually called  constitutional compliance . Constitutionalism is also  concerned with the  principles of constitutional design , which includes the principle that  the field of public action be partitioned between  delegated powers  to the  government   and the  rights  of individuals, each of which is a restriction of the other, and that no  powers be delegated that are beyond the competence of government. Equality -
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Liberty - Republic -A form of government that derives its power, directly or indirectly, from the people. Those chosen to govern are accountable to those whom they govern.
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This note was uploaded on 07/05/2009 for the course PS PS 231 taught by Professor Knight during the Spring '09 term at Chadron State College.

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Glossary_study notes - American Government Direct...

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