Political glossary fro all

Political glossary fro all - Glossary Chapter 1 Aristocracy...

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Glossary   Chapter 1  Aristocracy  Rule by the "best" in reality, rule by an upper class. Authoritarianism   A type of regime in which only the government itself is fully  controlled by the ruler. Social and economic institutions exist that are not under the  government's control. Authority  The right and power of a government or other entity to enforce its  decisions and compel obedience. Bill of Right The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution. Capitalism  An economic system characterized by the private ownership of  Civil Liberties   Those personal freedoms, including freedom of religion and  freedom of speech, that are protected for all individuals. The civil liberties set forth in the  U.S. Constitution, as amended, restrain the government from taking certain actions  against individuals. Communism   A revolutionary variant of socialism that favors a partisan (and often  totalitarian) dictatorship, government control of all enterprises, and the replacement of  free markets by central planning. Consent of the People   The idea that governments and laws derive their legitimacy  from the consent of the governed. Conservatism   A set of beliefs that includes a limited role for the national  government in helping individuals, support for traditional values and lifestyles, and a  cautious response to change. Democracy  A system of government in which political authority is vested in the people.  Derived from the Greek words demos ("the people") and kratos ("authority").
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Democratic Republic   A republic in which representatives elected by the people  make and enforce laws and policies. Direct Democracy   A system of government in which political decisions are made by  the people directly, rather than by their elected representatives probably attained most  easily in small political communities. Dominant Culture   The values, customs, and language established by the group or  groups that traditionally have controlled politics and government in a society. Anti-Federalist   An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constitution in  1787. The Anti-Federalists were opposed to a strong central government. Bicameral Legislature   A legislature made up of two parts, called chambers. The  U.S. Congress, composed of the House of Representatives and the Senate, is a  bicameral legislature.
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This note was uploaded on 07/05/2009 for the course PS PS 231 taught by Professor Knight during the Spring '09 term at Chadron State College.

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Political glossary fro all - Glossary Chapter 1 Aristocracy...

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