2/5/2020APUS CLE : SOCI220 I004 Win 20 : Lessons…1/3Print view Index of pagesSOCI220 I004 Win 20Lessons WEEK 2: Sociological Perspectives on Popular CultureLessonsWEEK 2: Sociological Perspectives on Popular CultureBackNextWEEK 2: Sociological Perspectives on Popular Culture(Functionalism, Symbolic Interactionism, and Critical Theory)This week, we are discussing the three major sociological perspectives (functionalism, critical theory, and symbolicinteractionism) and consider the ways in which each approaches the study of culture.According to thefunctionalist approach, our preoccupation with professional and intercollegiate athletics, celebritymagazines, and other forms of mass entertainment, can be explained mainly in terms of their social uses (functions) asthey generate solidarity among individuals within large and often anonymous communities. The functionalist approachemphasizes how the symbols, rituals, and practices of pop cultures’ production and consumption can bring peopletogether by creating social solidarity and group cohesion.Emile Durkheim observed that early religions relied on signs, images and symbols from natural as signifiers or symbolsto distinguish self from other collective identities. Collective effervescence is a shared feeling of identity in which theindividual members of the group experience waves of emotion and togetherness. Pop culture serves as a resource ofpublic reflection. For example, we obsess over highs and lows of celebrities as a way to comment on social world inimpersonal way. Popular culture also contains rituals of rebellion that disturb the social order as a way to reestablish it.There are also negative effects of these social rituals and efforts to establish a common identity, such as the sexualobjectification of women and the glorification of celebrity exploits (something we will explore further in Week 5).