855_1291Donofrio_Lacey_090606_111506090556 - Influence of...

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Influence of Personal Narratives on Businesspeople’s Attitudes Toward AAC Users John McCarthy, Lacey Donofrio, Laura Dempsey, Katy Birr, Stephanie Pratt Ohio University, School of Hearing, Speech and Language Sciences Introduction Individuals with severe communication disabilities continue to experience reduced expectations and opportunities in employment as the result of negative attitudes (McNaughton, Light & Arnold, 2002). More information is needed on specific ways to change attitudes and behaviors toward individuals who require AAC (McCarthy & Light, 2005). Contact with and information about individuals with disabilities has been shown to be effective in Reading personal accounts may be effective as a means of providing information and even In addition to changing attitudes, it is important to understand how individuals’ behavior in the future might change. Scales measuring “behavioral intentions” have been used toward this end (Ajzen, 1980). Methods    A Solomon Four Group Design was used (Solomon, 1968). Subjects were matched for sex then randomly assigned to one of four groups: control/post-test only (CPO), experimental/post-test only (EPO), control pre/post-test (CPP) and experimental pre/post-test (EPP). 109 subjects completed the study. CPO group: n = 29 (12 females, 17 males), EPO group: n = 29 (14 females, 15 males), CPP group: n = 24 (12 females, 12 males), EPP group: n = 27 (13 females, 14 males). The mean age of participants = 21.48, median age = 21, age range = 19-35. 97.9% of participants were Caucasian, 1.05% were African American, and 1.05% were Korean, with 13.8% not responding. Subjects in the experimental groups read a selected 1st person narrative account of an individual with a severe communication disability. The narrative described the individual’s experiences living with a communication disability, his experience with AAC, and his employment history and challenges he has faced. The control groups read a passage that was matched on word count and reading level with the experimental reading. Selected readings were at a 10.4 grade reading level and contained 4,258 words. A glossary of terms was provided for each reading.
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  • Spring '09
  • NA
  • First-person narrative, Semantic differential, Augmentative and alternative communication, Behavioral Intentions Scale, ATNP

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