Cells - Properties of Cells 1. Cells are the fundamental...

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Properties of Cells 1. Cells are the fundamental unit of life. A cell is the “simplest collection of matter that can live”. 2. All current cells come from pre-existing cells. 3. Cells organize the metabolism of life and carry the genetic “blueprints” of life from one generation to the next. Eukaryotic Cells Both Prokaryotic Cells Have membrane-bound nucleus (with DNA) Have cytoplasm/cytosol No membrane-bound nucleus Have membrane-bound organelles No membrane-bound organelles DNA is concentrated in the Nucleoid Plant Cells Both Animal Cells Most basic components and functions Chloroplasts Cell wall Central vacuole Cell Parts
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1. Nucleus o Pores allow information transfer into and out of the nucleus RNA moves out for protein synthesis Some regulatory factors move in Some viruses can get in too - Ex: HIV 2. Ribosome o Site of protein synthesis o Free ribosome: make proteins for use in the same cell - they don't need to be bound in a vesicle o Bound ribosome: make proteins that will be bound in a vesicle for export to other cells 3. The Endomembrane system
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o For the synthesis and transport/export of proteins or lipids o After DNA for insulin in the nucleus is copied into mRNA and transported…
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Cells - Properties of Cells 1. Cells are the fundamental...

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