Chapter 21 Notes

Chapter 21 Notes - Chapter 21 Notes What is a Nation?...

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Chapter 21 Notes What is a Nation? Territories, States, and Citizens, 1848-1871 1. Introduction 1. 1848 1. US acquired 500,000 square miles of western territory for $15 million 1. Nearly completed US expansion 2. Ushered in conflicts that lead to the American Civil War 2. Miners struck gold in California 2. Nationalism 1. The sense of belonging to a community that shares historical, geographic, cultural, or political traditions 2. Could serve liberal of conservative politics and goals 3. Nation Building: Process of creating new states and reconstructing older ones 3. France, Britain, Russia, and Austria are all rebuilt during this period 1. Bureaucracies are overhauled 2. Electorates are expanded 3. Relations between ethnic groups are reorganized 4. Russian serfdom and American slavery are abolished 2. Nationalism and Revolution in 1848 1. Reformers and revolutionaries have liberal goals 1. Representative government 2. An end to privilege 3. Economic development 4. Also wanted national unity 2. Who makes a Nation? Germany in 1848 1. Congress of Vienna had made a German Confederation 1. Loosely organized 38 states 2. Includes Austria and Prussia, but not their non-German territories in sections of Poland and Hungary 2. Prussia wanted to establish itself as a leading German state to counter Austrian power 3. 1834 – Zollverein (customs union) 1. Established free trade among the German states 2. Created a uniform tariff against the rest of the world 4. 1840s 1. Union included almost all German states except German Austria 2. Union offered manufacturers a market of almost 34 million people 3. Prussia, smaller German states, political groups of students, and other radicals joined middle-class groups to press new demands for representative government and reform 4. Liberal reformers 1. Resented Prussian domination of the Confederation 2. Disliked the conservatism of the Habsburgs ruling the Austrian empire 3. Attacked the combination of autocracy and bureaucratic authority 5. 1840 1. Frederick William I takes the throne 2. Opposed constitutionalism and any representative participation in issues of legislation and budgets 3. The Frankfurt Assembly and German Nationhood 1. The Frankfurt Assembly 1. Congregation of elected representatives from Prussia, Austria, and the smaller German states – most were from the professional class an were moderate liberals
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2. Met to discuss the unification of a single German nation 3. Assembly had no resources, sovereign power, or single code 4. Unified positions 1. Great German 1. Majority of delegates 2. Argued that Germans were all those who felt bound to the enterprise of unification by language, culture, or geography 3. The German nation should include as many Germans as possible 2. Small Germany 1. Wanted a smaller German nation 2. Left out all lands of the Habsburg empire and German Austria
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This note was uploaded on 07/06/2009 for the course HIST 1020 taught by Professor Vavara during the Fall '07 term at Colorado.

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Chapter 21 Notes - Chapter 21 Notes What is a Nation?...

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