Industrialization of Britain

Industrialization of Britain - Industrialization of Britain...

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Industrialization of Britain I) Economic Revolutions A) Commercial Revolution: increase in trade and commerce both domestically and internationally B) Slave trade 1) British goods shipped down to west Africa 2) Slaves taken and shipped to the Americas 3) American goods shipped back to Great Britain C) Birth of supply and demand 1) Demand increases greatly, but the technology of the time cannot keep up 2) New technologies D) Geographic advantages 1) Travel – canals and a lot of water mean cheaper traveling 2) Mining means easier access E) Population increase II) Timing/Rules A) 1760 – Great Britain began industrial revolution B) 1820 – France C) 1870 – Germany D) 1890 – Russia III) Factory System IV) Social Consequences A) Income 1) Significant rise in income over time – depends greatly on a person’s social class 2) Benefactors (a) Investors in the factory work start getting great returns on their investments (b) Those who opened the factories and workshops (c) The most skilled artisans (i) They specialize in making particular products (ii) Their ability to produce high quality products is unmatched (iii)The wealthy/upper class buy their goods (d) Factory workers (i) Paid better than those working in sweatshops (ii) Still not making enough money for themselves 3) Poverty line (a) Before industrialization-1840s, majority of the population is below the poverty line (b) 1850 – 50% of the population is above the poverty line 4) Wages (a) The rich are getting richer (b) Wages for the poor relative to the wealthy are not growing enough B) Urbanization 1) With industrialization comes a 300% increase in population – at least half lives in cities 2) 400% increase in productivity to support population growth 3) Manchester (a) Becomes center of textile trade (b) Factories settle and a concentration of people follow (c) People need protection (i) Fire department (ii) Police department Prior to, keeping order could only be done with the army
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Makes it easier to maintain order in cities (iii)Sewage facilities Most worker housing did not have indoor toilets Most sewage was thrown out into the street with no gutter system to sweep it away Cholera breaks out in London – proves to people that sewage control is a must C) Birth of class 1) Found in cities 2) Industrialization produced a social standing in which class conflict played a larger role than it had previously 3) Society is organized in sectors with grades of people within each sector (a) Sectors help each other out (b) Grades within sectors grind against those of different sectors
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This note was uploaded on 07/06/2009 for the course HIST 1020 taught by Professor Vavara during the Fall '07 term at Colorado.

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Industrialization of Britain - Industrialization of Britain...

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