Chapter13Notes - Chapter 13 notes Gender Stratification...

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Chapter 13 notes – Gender Stratification Gender and Inequality -Gender refers to the personal traits and social positions that members of a society attach to being female or male -Gender stratification – the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege between men and women Male-Female Differences -We must be careful not to think of social differences in biological terms -There are some differences in physical ability as well as life expectancy between the sexes Gender in Global Perspectives -in kibbutzim, both sexes share most everyday jobs, and girls and boys are raised in the same way Margaret Mead's Research -studied 3 societies in New Guinea -she observed the Arapesh, and noted that men and women's behavior and attitudes would be label as “feminine” by our culture -the Mundugumor, she concluded that both sexes exhibited traits we define as more “masculine” -in Tahambuli, she reported that many of our notions of gender were reversed George Murdock's Research -in a study of over 200 preindustrial societies, Murdock found some global agreement in which tasks are feminine and which are masculine -hunting and warefare generally fall to men, and home-centered tasks (cooking, childcare) to women -beyond that – in agriculture and other tasks one sex was as likely as the other Patriarch and Sexism -matriarchy- a form of social organization in which females dominate males (rarely documented in human history) -patriarch – a form of social organization in which males dominate females -sexism – the belief that one sex is innately superior to the other The Costs of Sexism -French argues that patriarch leads men to seek control, which leads to suicide, violence, and stress- related diseases Must Patriarch Go On? -most sociologists believe gender is socially constructed and can be changed Gender and Socialization -gender roles – attitudes and activities that a society links to each sex 1) Gender and the family – research has shown women handle a baby perceived as female more tenderly than one perceived as male 2) Gender and schooling – women have now become a majority (57%) of students on college
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Chapter13Notes - Chapter 13 notes Gender Stratification...

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