1-3 glossary - Glossary 13 AntiFederalist An individual who...

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Glossary 1-3 Anti-Federalist   An individual who opposed the ratification of the new Constitution in 1787. The Anti-Federalists were  opposed to a strong central government. Aristocracy   Rule by the "best" in reality, rule by an upper class. Authoritarianism   A type of regime in which only the government itself is fully controlled by the ruler. Social  and economic institutions exist that are not under the government's control. Authority   The right and power of a government or other entity to enforce its decisions and compel obedience. Bicameral Legislature   A legislature made up of two parts, called chambers. The U.S. Congress, composed of the  House of Representatives and the Senate, is a bicameral legislature. Bill of Rights   The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution. Block Grants   Federal programs that provide funds to state and local governments for broad functional areas, such  as criminal justice or mental health programs. Capitalism   markets, and freedom of contract. Categorical Grants   Federal grants to states or local governments that are for specific programs or projects. Checks and Balances   A major principle of the American system of government whereby each branch of the  government can check the actions of the others. Civil Liberties   Those personal freedoms, including freedom of religion and freedom of speech, that are protected for  all individuals. The civil liberties set forth in the U.S. Constitution, as amended, restrain the government from taking  certain actions against individuals. Commerce Clause   The section of the Constitution in which Congress is given the power to regulate trade  among the states and with foreign countries. Communism   A revolutionary variant of socialism that favors a partisan (and often totalitarian) dictatorship,  government control of all enterprises, and the replacement of free markets by central planning. Concurrent Powers   Powers held jointly by the national and state governments. Confederal System   A system consisting of a league of independent states, each having essentially sovereign  powers. The central government created by such a league has only limited powers over the states. Consent of the People   The idea that governments and laws derive their legitimacy from the consent of the  governed. Conservatism
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1-3 glossary - Glossary 13 AntiFederalist An individual who...

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