AP world history chapter 21: Marisa Cornell.
: turkic people who advanced from strongholds in Asia Minor during
1350s; conquered large part of Balkans; unified under Mehmed I; captured
constantinople in 1453; established empire from balkans that included most of
: ottoman equivalent of the Abbasid wazir; head of the ottoman
bureaucracy ; after 15th century often more powerful than sultan.
: name giver to Safavid followers because of their distinctive red
Shah Abbas the Great
: safavid ruler from 1587
to 1629; extended safavid
domain to greatest extent; created slave regiments based on captured Russians,
who monopolized firearms within Safavid armies; incorporated Western military
: Safavid capital under Abbas the Great; planned city laid out according to
shah’s plan; example of Safavid architecture.
: founder of Mughal dynasty in India; descended from turkic warriors; first
led invasion of India in 1526; died in 1530.
religion initiated by akbar in Mughal India; blended elements of the
many faiths of the subcontinent; key to efforts to reconcile Hindus and muslims in
india, but failed.
: son and successor of Shah Jahan in Mughal India; determined to
extend Mughal control over whole subcontinent; wished to purify Islam of Hindu
influences; incessant warfare exhausted empire despite military successes; died in
: ottoman sultan called the “conqueror”; responsible for conquest of