AP WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 21 READING GUIDE - AP world...

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AP world history chapter 21: Marisa Cornell. VOCABULARY: Ottomans : turkic people who advanced from strongholds in Asia Minor during 1350s; conquered large part of Balkans; unified under Mehmed I; captured constantinople in 1453; established empire from balkans that included most of Arab world. Vizier : ottoman equivalent of the Abbasid wazir; head of the ottoman bureaucracy ; after 15th century often more powerful than sultan. Red Heads : name giver to Safavid followers because of their distinctive red headgear. Shah Abbas the Great : safavid ruler from 1587 to 1629; extended safavid domain to greatest extent; created slave regiments based on captured Russians, who monopolized firearms within Safavid armies; incorporated Western military technology. Isfahan : Safavid capital under Abbas the Great; planned city laid out according to shah’s plan; example of Safavid architecture. Babur : founder of Mughal dynasty in India; descended from turkic warriors; first led invasion of India in 1526; died in 1530. Din-i-llahi : religion initiated by akbar in Mughal India; blended elements of the many faiths of the subcontinent; key to efforts to reconcile Hindus and muslims in india, but failed. Aurangzeb : son and successor of Shah Jahan in Mughal India; determined to extend Mughal control over whole subcontinent; wished to purify Islam of Hindu influences; incessant warfare exhausted empire despite military successes; died in 1707. Mehmed II : ottoman sultan called the “conqueror”; responsible for conquest of
Constantinople in 1453; destroyed what remained of Byzantine Empire.

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