Period 2 Terms and Outline- Study Guide for Midterms.pdf -...

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PERIOD 2: 1607-1754 MIDTERMS SOPHOMORE YEAR African slave trade Trade of Africans as slaves between European countries and their colonies Started in 1400s w/ Portuguese and Spanish expanded to Britain and France Cheap source of labor in 1500s and 1600s (esp in Americas) Almost entirely replaced Native American labor Increased globalization Africans treated brutally Middle passage Treated as inferior Massive source of labor in americas in 1700s and early 1800s Anglicization “Becoming more english” culturally, economically and religiously Gradually happened to british colonies in the new world Colonies developed autonomous political communities based on english models Influence from spread of protestant evangelicalism Atlantic slave trade Slave trade among the atlantic world Function through the triangle trade Large source of wealth for britain, france, spain in 1500s and 1600s Middle massage = section of passage where slaves were forced to go from Africa to the AMericas Brutal conditions Atlantic world Refers to study of history of the movement of peoples, things, and ideas among areas bordering the atlantic ocean (encompasses europe, africa, north america) from the age of exploration to today Backcountry Western regions of british colonies Usually populated by small farmers Backcountry VA was source of Bacon’s followers Scots-irish tended to settle here Frontier British imperial system Policy of extending rule or authority of british empire over foreign nations Colonies are under british law (mostly)
Cross racial sexual unions Interracial sexual relations Occured in New Spain esp in the Pueblos large pops of Mestizos (mix of spanish and native american parentage) mestizos had new role in social hierarchy Occured between whites and african slaves Esp white men w/ slave women lots of “bastard” children Offspring seen as black despite mixed race Covert resistance Resistance of slaves from their captivity in covert ways Consequences of overt too great Ex. feigning sickness or destroying equipment or working slowly Diverse middle colonies NY, NJ, PA, DE = very diverse attracted vast range of europeans Religious tolerance among the colonies Thriving export colonies NY was dutch & very tolerant Dutch colonization Dutch colonized around hudson river (NY) in early 1600s New Netherlands New Amsterdam (NYC) Huge place of trade Very diverse and religiously tolerant English view of land ownership gender roles English : land can be bought or sold, but shouldn't be idle (same views as French), you “owned” it, anything uninhabited or unclaimed is up for grabs Women couldn't own property and were subservient Expected to have many kids and live to serve the needs of husband and household Enlightenment ideas People should turn to logic and reasoning rather than god or religion Placed value on science and academics religious fervor shrunk (at least for a time) French colonization French tended to colonize farther north in Americas

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