FinalTerms - The American Revolution(2 Olive Branch...

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The American Revolution (2) Olive Branch Petition (July 5,1775)- The Congress was moving cautiously towards independence, John Dickerson wrote this letter to the King pleading for peace by preventing hostilities and making accommodations Shows the movement to create a separate government system and begin a movement from wanting better treatment to wanting independence Declaration of Causes and Necessities for Taking up Arms (July 6,1775)- Day after the olive branch petition congress approved this document written by Jefferson and Dickenson. A much harsher tone is used expressing colonists would, “rather die like slaves than not be free men” Like the Olive Branch Petition, this shows the intent for separation Common Sense (Jan. 1776)- Pamphlet by Thomas Paine of England that had great appeal in the US. It spread Whig ideology of a peaceful new government, rule by God instead of Monarchy. Transition in the mindset of colonists from the fight for equal rights to rebelling for freedom Articles of Confederation (1781)- First creation of national government by the second continental congress; gave significant power to the states. Congress was unable to tax the states for wartime and the lack of monetary power led to an undercapitalized army. Washington faced many challenges in the war for independence with lack of funds. He implemented a preservation strategy during the fight for independence. Industrialization Shay’s Rebellion (Jan. 1787)- Farmers protested in outrage because of the high state taxes. Poor, indebted landowners in Massachusetts blocked access to courts and prevented the government from arresting or repossessing the property of those in debt. The federal government was too weak to help Boston remove the rebels, a sign that the Articles of Confederation weren’t working effectively James Madison- 3/5 th compromise - () The South was guaranteed to be able to bring in slaves for at least 20 years. Slaves were counted as 3/5 of a person when determining the state population; Southern states a greater number of representatives in the House. Federalist Papers (1788)- Written by James Madison arguing that larger government is needed to include many parties and interests. This would give protection to include many parties and protect smaller groups; need to be flexible Jeffersonian Republicans Jays Treaty (1794) - Signed in the hopes of settling the growing conflicts between the U.S. and Britain. It dealt with the Northwest posts and trade on the Mississippi River. It was unpopular with most Americans because it did not punish Britain for the attacks on neutral American ships. It was particularly unpopular with France, because the U.S. also accepted the British restrictions on
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the rights of neutrals. Alien and Sedition Acts (1798) - made it illegal to publish defamatory statements about the federal government or its officials.
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