Chap11_volti

Chap11_volti - STS 101 Chapter 11 Printing Written Language...

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STS 101 Chapter 11 Printing
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Written Language Development of a written language is one of the benchmarks of civilization. While there are over 5,000 known spoken languages, very few of them are written as well.
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Notable exceptions In the 1820's Sequoyah developed an alphabet for writing the Cherokee language to: preserve Indian knowledge and provide a better means for communicating with white men.
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Reasons for writing Writing was first developed to keep financial records and facilitating communication between government officials. Writing was also put to spiritual purposes, as it permitted the recording and diffusion of the concepts central to religion. In ancient Egypt , the priests in the time of the Pharaohs used written calendars to predict the annual inundation of the Nile, thus maintaining their indispensability to the society.
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Underlying social implication The principal purpose of early written languages was to maintain the social hierarchy, as few persons had the time or inclination to become literate, nor would they have had much access to written documents if they had.
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Result Written books were few and expensive; it would frequently take months to produce a single volume. As a consequence the principal repositories of books were monastery libraries: the abbey libraries in Canterbury and Bury each held 2,000 books, while Cambridge University only had 300.
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Very time consuming
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Chinese invented printing Like so many other technological innovations, movable type was first invented in China. In the 4th Century AD, the Chinese were already copying stone inscriptions and by the 7th Century, they were using carved wooden blocks to produce books on agriculture.
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1000 years later came Europe In Europe, printing developed more slowly so that by the early 15th Century only playing cards and devotional pictures were printed from wooden blocks.
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Moveable type was the key By 1440, small books containing a few lines of text were printed using wooden blocks. Since a single block had to be carved for
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Chap11_volti - STS 101 Chapter 11 Printing Written Language...

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