Hominoids notes

Hominoids notes - Hominoids -superficially includes fossil...

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Hominoids -superficially includes fossil and modern apes and humans how do apes differ from monkeys? -no tails -larger body size -shoulder adapted for suspensory locomotion -wide thorax, shorted trunk -complex behavior with hands and feet GIBBONS – genus Hylobates -12 species in S.E. Asia -smallest apes Gibbons Siamang (larger) -monkey like but specialized limbs -solely arboreal -primarily frugivorous -monogamous (no sexual dimorphism) -very laud -fiercely territorial -siamang has naked air sac -true brachiators with long forelimbs and thumbs MONOGAMOUS -Basic Unit = one adult female, one adult male and offspring -Territories -Intersexual competition -Little or no sexual dimorphism ORANGUTAN – Pongo pygmaeus, Pongo abelii - “man of the forest” -SE Asian distribution -Pygmaus=borneo -Abelii=Sumatra -upland forests -largest Asian Apes -very sexually dimorphic -frugivores
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Pongo pygmaeus -males solitary -females travel with immature offspring Suspensory (quadrumanus climbing) -four limbs -Quadrupedal on ground with bunched fists
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Hominoids notes - Hominoids -superficially includes fossil...

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