Neanderthal notes 12-2 - Neanderthal DNA Neanderthals did...

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Neanderthals Height Combined – 4.9 to 5.6 ft Weight Combined – 110 to 142 lbs Postcrania – very robust, barrel chested, powerfully muscled Cranial/Postcrania adapted for a cold environment Cranial Morphology: 1520cc (Cold adaptation?), wide nasal aperture and prognathic Speech: (Western Asia), (60,000 BP), Kebara Cave, Israel, Modern Hyoid: Suggests larynx Subsistence: Hunters- spears, had to get close to prey Trinkaus: Patterns of injury similar to rodeo riders Gathering: berries, nuts, and plants Neanderthals elaborated on Levallois technique Invented Mousterian Industry – Wider range of shapes and uses, more flakes per core Chatelperronian tools – borrowed technology from AMH and modified, blade based tools with specific functions, disappeared 34 kya Did Humans and Neanderthals interbreed? Lagar Velho (Portugal) 224,500 BP 4 year old child A “morphological mosaic” with features of both Neanderthals and modern humans Published in 1999 PNAS but remains controversial
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Unformatted text preview: Neanderthal DNA Neanderthals did not contribute the mtDNA to modern humans Differences outside the variation of modern human DNA more than three times Homo Floresiensis (Flores Man) Eight short human beings Small brain volume Liang Bua cave on the Indonesian island of Flores 95-12kya Female Skeleton: In her 30s 18,000 years old 1 meter tall brain volume a mere 380cc H. floresiensis is a variation of H. erectus and that both may have existed side by side stone carved and sharpened for particular purposes, and animal bones, show that these people were successful hunters capable of catching animals larger than themselves Miniature shone Acheulian tools?? Island Dwarfism-Living things divided by geographic isolation from the land population undergoing gradual physical shrinkage due to a local insufficiency of food resources...
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Neanderthal notes 12-2 - Neanderthal DNA Neanderthals did...

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