Test 4 Notes - Anthro Test 4 Comprehensive Notes Homo...

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Anthro Test 4 Comprehensive Notes Homo Habilis postcranial remains longer arms and shorter legs than humans curved toes and fingers tree climbing continued to play a role virtually identical to earlier australopithecines genus homo? Oldowan Stone tools Best behavioral dividing line between homo and australopithecines oldest tools 2.5 mya simple cores, whole flakes, flaking debris more meat in diet scavenging or hunting Homo rudolfensis 1972 by Richard leakey and Bernard Ngeneo Koobi Fura,Kenya – east side of lake turkana 2 mya KNM – ER 1470 Large brain (775 cc) originally thought to be H Habalis H rudolfensis vs H Habilis much debated topic
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both originated – 2mya rudolphensis brain size much longer facial and teeth measurements differ Evolutionary relationships? H Rudolphensis originally attributed to genus homo may be first member of genus homo on a path to modern humans or… homo – like australopithecine w/ no direct bearing on the evolution of H Dapiens Homo egaster and homo erectus no dispute they are related to us Homo Egaster Originally H erectus brain size 850-900 cc two sites in Africa koobi fora, Kenya west turkana, Kenya 1.8 – 1.5 mya acheulian stone tools Who is homo egaster? homo erectus is a migration of homo egaster egaster came first 1.75 mya two were found KNMER – 3733 1.75 mya koobi fora, Kenya
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Adult female (based on cranial structures, molar eruption and dental wear KNM – ER 3883 1.5 mya (younger) Koobi For a, Kenya Lack of sulcus (groove) behind massive brow ridges male (based on degree of robustility) KNM – WT 15000 Turkhana Bay 1984 by Kamoya Kimea and R Leakey Western side of lake Turkana almost complete skeleton of 12 yr old male 6 feet in height as adult – tall and thin adaptation for hot environment Homo Erectus First species to have Africa into Europe and asia (primarily found in asia) dates – 1.8 mya to 200,000 adapted to both dropical and temperate climates very thick femur average brain size over 1000 cc Eugene Dubois In small villiage of trinil in Java 1891 discovered skullcap of femur Pithecanthropus erectus “upright ape man” Zhoukoudian – Dragon Bone Hill
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1899 fossil tooth located among dragon bones medicine and aphrodisiacs first skull turned up in 1929 Davidson black – first study skeletal remains representing upward of 40 males and female adults and children the site was occupied over 200,000 yrs charred bits of wood and bone controlled use of fire franz weldenreich made casts and drawings of material fossils lost at time of Jap invasion of china during WWII Dwanisi Site in the republic of Georgia evidence of early H erectus from approximately 1.75 mya one fairly complete skull, one large mandible, and two parial skulls found
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Test 4 Notes - Anthro Test 4 Comprehensive Notes Homo...

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