Final Study Guide

Final Study Guide - 1894 Tonghak Uprisings and Kabo Reforms...

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1894 Tonghak Uprisings and Kabo Reforms - Tonghak Uprisings - Government expenditures greatly increased - appropriations for machinery imports and government reorganization - obligations to pay reparations to Japan. Heavier tax levies were imposed on peasants - Peasants raid government offices; kill rich landlords, traders, foreigners; confiscate victims' properties → distribute to poor - broke out in Cholla province (most productive agricultural region of Korea) - began as movement to protest corruption in local governments - escalated into a full-scale rebellion in wake of government’s military response - spring 1894: Tonghak rebels captured provincial capital of Chonju - spread to north and east - Kojong requested Chinese military aid - Led to China’s war w/ Japanese - for the first time the idea that improving women’s position in society would be part of national unity - First forms of nationalism - Kabo reforms of 1894-1895 - Series of major governmental reforms - Japanese helped Korean government created a new governing body consisting of moderate reformers and pro-Japanese officials - Brought back exiled members of Kapsin Coup - Changes in : - government structure - mimicked Japan’s adaptation of western governmental structures - made monarch a reigning but not ruling king - fiscal organization - methods of government recruitment - abolished traditional exam system - traditional social norms - old, fixed class structure & slavery were abolished - prohibition of remarriage of widows was eliminated - everyone was allowed to take civil exams (only offered to yangban before) - themes: - Social Hierarchy - Changed the structure of Korean government - Allowed more people to participate by opening examinations to everyone - Dismissed value of Confucian ideas - Removed traditional status distinctions in society - Gender & Family - Gave more freedoms to women (widows allowed to remarry) - Got rid of Confucian ideas - Korean Identity and Character - nationalism - the people banded together - embraced more western ideas instead of only eastern ones - encouraged western dress and hairstyles 1955 Kim Il Sung’s “Chuch’e” Speech
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This note was uploaded on 07/13/2009 for the course HIST 105g taught by Professor Hwang during the Spring '08 term at USC.

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Final Study Guide - 1894 Tonghak Uprisings and Kabo Reforms...

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