Chapter 2 Outline we the people

Chapter 2 Outline we the people - Chapter Outline (See...

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Chapter Outline (See related pages) 1. Before the Constitution: The Colonial and Revolutionary Experiences Early Americans' admiration for limited government was based on their British heritage and their colonial experience. 1. Accepted British tradition of common law that included a right to trial by jury and due process of law. 2. In the pre-revolutionary period, the British Crown ignored the colonists' "rights as Englishmen" through punitive taxes and other burdensome laws. 3. Accepted principle of no taxation without representation. 4. John Locke's writings, with their emphasis on natural rights such as life, liberty, and property, were the liberal component of the British heritage included in the U.S. Declaration of Independence. 5. The Articles of Confederation subordinated national authority to that of the states, creating a weak and ineffectual national government. The national government lacked the power to tax and had to rely on voluntary contributions from the states. The states did not contribute enough money to pay the national government's debts, resulting in the inability to support an adequate army and navy. Congress could not develop a national economy because the Articles forbade Congress from interfering in the states' commerce policies. Weak national governmental authority under the Articles resulted in public disorder, economic chaos, and inadequate defense. Shays's Rebellion clarified the need for a stronger national government, providing the impetus for a constitutional convention to revise the Articles. 2. Negotiating Toward a Constitution Formulating and agreeing upon a stronger national government required a variety of compromises at the Philadelphia constitutional convention.
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1. An effective government required a union of people, not states. 2. The Great Compromise between the New Jersey and Virginia plans provided for a bicameral (two-chamber) Congress: the House of Representatives would be apportioned among the states on the basis of population and the Senate on the basis of an equal number of votes (two) for each state. 3. The North-South Compromise between the commercial, non-slave Northern
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Chapter 2 Outline we the people - Chapter Outline (See...

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