Capture energy from the sun
Occur in the grana
Perform carbon fixation
Form ATP via chemiosmosis
Form sugar from CO2
Products of noncyclic energy flow
NADPH ATP O2
Products of cyclic energy flow
GTP, sugar, NADP+, ADP
During photosynthesis, what is oxidized and what is reduced?
Mitochondira, peroxisome, ribosome are not part of endomembrane system.
Which organelle has DOUBLE lipid bilayer? Nucleus, mitochondria, chloroplast
Which organelle has SINGLE lipid bilayer? Golgi, ER, lysosome, plasma membrane
(eukaryotes) (1 or 2 in prokaryotes), vacuole, peroxisome.
Which organelles have DNA? Nucleus, mitochondria, chloroplast.
Which organelles are unique to
PROKARYOTES? Pili, flagella.
Which organelles are unique to EUKARYOTES? Mitochondria, golgi, nucleus, ER, lysosomes,
chloroplasts (plant), vacuole, peroxisome,
What are COMMON organelles in prokaryotes and eukaryotes (they both have)? Plasma
membrane, ribosomes, DNA (genetic material).
Know specific function of each cell
plasmodesmata (channels that perforate cell walls)
Tight junctions, desmosomes, gap junctions
Which permit transfer of information between cells?
release things from cell 2)deliver membrane components to surface (fusion)
uptake from outside world (fission)
Tonicity vs. Osmosis
SIMPLE, diffusion movement of water across semipermeable membrane
-moves from lower solute conc. To higher solute conc.
Until conc is equal