Midterm SG.docx - Midterm SG General principles of Nursing Informatics o Informatics Turns data into information Focuses on HIT involves computer

Midterm SG.docx - Midterm SG General principles of Nursing...

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Midterm SG 1. General principles of Nursing Informatics o Informatics: Turns data into information Focuses on HIT & involves computer, cognitive and social sciences Science of how to use data, information and knowledge to improve human health & delivery NI: specialty integrating nursing science, computer science , information science and cognitive science to manage and communicate data, information, knowledge, and wisdom in nursing practice. Building blocks of NI: Nursing, information, computer and cognitive science 2. Knowledge o Information is a key building block of knowledge o Awareness and understanding of a set of information and ways that information can be made useful to support a specific task or arrive at a decision o Information that is synthesized so that relationships are identified and formed o Information that has judgment applied to it or meaning extracted from it o Processed information that helps to clarify or explain some portion of our environment or world that we can use as a basis for action or upon which we can act. o Internal process of thinking (cognition) o External process of testing, sense, observation, and interacting Knowledge that is patterned for use in reasoning is known as knowledge representation o Epistemology: study of the nature and origin of knowledge (what it means 2 know) o Sources of knowledge: instinct, reason and intuition 3. Wisdom o Foundation of the art of nursing” o “Highest form of common sense” result from accumulated knowledge or deep learning (erudition) or enlightenment o Application of knowledge to an appropriate situation. o Actions are directed by wisdom o Uses knowledge and experience to heighten common sense and insight to exercise sound judgment in practical matters o Its developed through knowledge, experience, insight, and reflection. o Transparent wisdom: applying knowledge in a practical way or translating knowledge into actions without conscious thought Knowledge abounds with others’ thoughts and information, whereas wisdom is focused on one’s own mind and the synthesis of experience, insight, understanding, and knowledge. 4. The Foundation of Knowledge Model Base: bits, bytes (quantify data) data and information ADGP Cones : aspects of knowledge 1. Knowledge A cquisition: the act of getting knowledge 2.

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