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Unformatted text preview: nudism TEST s 2 Review Sheet Page 1 ' Old Kingdom (Middie Kingdom, cont.)- Pepy ll (Dynasty 6) Pepy ii 2246-2152 BC Amenemhat Ill builds pyramids Harkhuf and the pygmy; - ' . at Hawara (300- ‘) and Dahshur‘ exploration and trade in the desert - (The “Black” pyramid - capstone - and Wawat ‘ -"Behold the beauties of the Sun" Nitoorit (Dynasty 6): her revenge inscribed an east fade ). Queen rule and burial in blue basalt SOBEKNEFRU rules at end of ‘ sarcophagus in Me'nkaure's pyramid Dynasty 12: 1763-1759 BC ' famous personalities: Peseshet V 1 ‘ Hemiunu Middle Kingdom Culture: fl ‘ (Hem = servant; iunu a Heliopoiis) (1) moral seriousness Vizier under Khufu ~ Buflder at Great Pyramid? Atum justifies his creation * famous sculptures: Ra Hotep and Nolret (“Elizabem Taylor”) as good for Man . humans = Mum's tears First intermediate Period - Tombs at local. govern Dynasty 7: Manetho 70 More X 70 days eaeh (no evidence) are and Nomarchs Dynasty 8: iBi buried at S'aqqara, so Memphis continues emphasize that as royal oapital 2150-2135 BC they did not abuse their - Dynasty 9: (no evidence) . power. iPU WER writes '~ Dynasty 10: ‘Houseof‘KHETl" rules at Heraldeopolis, about the “Good Shep- - . just south of the Fayum basin (2135-1986 BC) herd“ . in religion, Osiris - General TEFlBi commands northem forces new rules the heaven and “ Governor of Asyut ,. and stars and the “ladder”. Dynastyttfounded lnyotefllruiesmac ~ v asweliastheUnderworlda defeats Confederacy of Nekhen 2054 BC and the dead must justify . . defeats Confederacy of Thinis 2050 BC their lives before him. - Nubian archersas mercenaries ' Their hearts are weighed - Montjuhotep u rules 2007 BC; defeats Tefibi'at Asyut against the feather of -' g ca. 1996 (?),- moves north to Heraldeopolis, military MAAT (“justice ;; unification. West is capital of this “new Egypt” These later right prepartion") J years of Montjuhotep are included in and it they are V , heavier with sin. . The Middle Kingdom (1900's - 1641 BC) Dynasties 11, 12, 13 the “Devonrer” . Amene‘mhat'. Vizier of West, founds Dynasty 12 (1937 BC) 2 AMMUi' eats; Political reconstruction in north; a new royal capital, lTJTAWY them up. HAWARA, 'where the Fayum is fed off of the Nile, is new royal burial ground , West remains as administrative capital. Pyramids begin to be built again. AMMUT Amenemha't l assassinated in conspiracy formed in the royal harem. I face and The Story of. Sinuhe is based on this event: Sinuhe flees, Egypt, snout of ‘ thinking he will be accused as a member of this conspiracy. The story ‘ crocodile, . _ tells of his travels through the Near East and oi his eventual weioome home. mane . The 1800’s BC continue 12th Dynasty rule. Senruset l builds forts " of hen, to secure the gold trade in Wawat (from Abu, or Elephantlne, to Sutton) hippo back. ‘ N mew sever - resr r 2 Review Sheet Page 2 ' (Middle Kingdom Culture, cont.) paintings show family scenes (2) Death and the Tomb: Flock-cut tombs in which cats lle beside the extending back into a cliffor hill. with a wife or play with a house goose porch with columns out in front. Pyramid The goddess Bast is shown complexes are not found in the First Intermediate with a basket full at kittens Period - no massive, centralized economy to. (she aids a happy and produc support such undertakings - Montjuhotep ll live-household) and holding a builds tiered, mum-storied, funeral temple. sistrum (a metal rattle used with ramp leading to- higher stories. a ‘mound' at parties to make noise). on top with sycamore trees, with its back against a cliff . at Deirel Bahri (Hatshepsut builtherowntempie (3) malorcilyinme of this kind beside Monljuhotep ll later in the New First intermediate Periocl and l Kingdom). Amehernhat ill has lelt‘us twolarge Middle Kingdom is Asyut ‘3' pyramids at Hatvara, just over 300 ‘. and at Dahshur stood vs. Thebes (Telibi com (the “Sleek Pyramid”). where Snefru built the ‘Bent” mended the forces of Khan), and "Red" pyramids. The capstone of the Black and its defeat unified the M Pyramid has eyes, the symbol for “beauty, and Middle lengdom. It is here that the solar disk on its east face, looking to the tombs with soldiers and farm 3 a rising sun. By the 1800's BC. when Amenemhat animals were found. and the ~ lll ruled, - Dynasty 12 - Egypt had once again firstcatfigurines (2000 BC, consolidated her rule from Butotc Bunch, so . Dyna 11). Thegovemor resources were plentiful; The Coffin Texts replace Hep etl’s tomb is out into ® but also incorporate materials from the Pyramid a cliff, high abovethe city - at ' Texts. Written over the mappings and insideor hisfesilvalthec‘rtycarries 9 sarcophagi- in black ink and cursive hieratic bowls with lighted candies W (not etched in colored hieroglyphics), they through the streets as darkness certain spells and curses to banish demons falls and a rising wind moves and show us a scary world, not one ordered by around the watchmen standing. the Sun. Moon. Stars reflected on the heavenly guard by the tomb high on the and earthly rivers (Milky Way. Nile). Magical eyes cliff face. Anubis comes from _ can be added inside the sarcophagus as an - here, and the Greeks called the apotropalc charm (turns away evil). Mummies are city Lycopolls “Wolf-City“ wrapped carefully (400 yards of linen could. be used (Upwawet, ‘Opener ofthe ' on one mummy); curing in 'natron is added tothe Ways" - a grey wolf - was also preparation, to dry out the body thoroughly; and a attached to Asyut). beautifully Colored face of the deceased now appears on the wrapped body. Within the tomb, figurines ' (4) Language and Literate create a small “world” for the dignltary- to govern: ., Literature. The actual groupings or soldiers, offar'm animals (Asyut, 2000 BC) grammar becomes less Cat-figurines appear as “pets” fer the afterlife. correct and more “pepular Best is popular as a protector of Fla in the “Chambers ized" - e.g. the word “THE” Of Darkness" against Apophis (Apep.» Apepi) and as (definite article) begins to _ ‘ a "guardian for newly born babies; Middle Kingdom be written ~ this word is ANCIENT - TEST # 2 Review Sheet Page3 (Middle Kingdom Culture, cont. not to act too friendly to the women of Language and Literature) the house where he has been invited as a welcome guest to dinner), and originally a Demonstrative Pronoun, stories which surprise us with the which shows people pointing to , unexpected ability of a poorer person whatever they are talking about. ' . So this word lets us see the writer (the Eloquent Peasant) to argue as in an animated conversation - philosophy and social justice with a where gestming- takes. place. Also: political hgher'upr the object pronoun begins to be used as a- subiect. as when we say The Second intermediate Period “HIM and i went to the movies“ i (‘l 641 -1 539). Dynasty 18 had extended A word which means "Loold Behold!” from the withdrawal of Sobek Netru at begins to show up where we would say the end of Dynasty 12 (1759 BC) down “since” or "when" EG. .‘zHe was really to 1641. One of its kings, Ay, built a happy when his brother was king" pyramid complex in the Delta near becomes: “He was really happy ~ LOOK l~ Rowarty (Maris): me capstone has his brother was king" This shows us that been found. This shows how there was the choppy. Uri-coordinated speech of a movement away from ltjtawy and “everyday” people is being taken over. Memphis toward a‘ new and growing Popular stories of adventure. seafaring, commercial center in the Delta. rich shipwreck are found here: Sinhue, and The with goods from the East. Three _ Shipwrecked Sailor . Also mildly erotic factors reveal to us the break—up of tales, eg. about Khuiu and the topless crew the Middle Kingdom (1) the loss of and magicians parting the water to bring up Nubia and the consolidation of Wa- iewelstrom the riverbed. We also have a wet and Yarn and Kush under the correspondence from 2000 BC between ~ powerhrl leadership of Karma- (by Hekanakht (father) and his older son Merisu the third cataract). Where Middle “Beloved is he”, whom histather tells to lot his Kingdom rulers had used Nubian younger brother and daddy’s favorite, Snefru archers to strengthen their troops “good lad. handsome lad!” do whatever he now Egyptian warriors are hired wants to do while his father is away. So much good by Korma! The “high classical did iron for Motion to he named “Beloved is he"! period” of Karma is precisely the So it is in the Middle Kingdom that we get to see time or the. 13th Dynasty and ‘ people as they really were, living their daily lives. the Second intermediate Period. Other literature we mentioned can be divided between Large public buildings complaints that the “good peOple” are not respected with circular outline and by the rising middle-class economy (“My Name is Abhorred A conical" root's show more than the riverbonk stinks in) the hot noon when it sub—Saharan African is full of crocodiles!“ “Who am i talking to‘? - an upstart _ origin. Multiple human with no family to mention who walks right by me with burials and also animal burials. his new cow”) (The “Misanthrop'ei’h so-called accompany the Kings of “Wisdom Literature” (Ptahhotep counsels his son ‘ Kenna in- death . ANCIENT EGYPT-TESTiZ’ eminence: Pagee ‘ ’ (Second Intermediate Period; cent) The Hyksos ~ were they conquer . , . I ere? Theyhadsweriorforoe _ (2) The second factor lnthe break-up oi the mar with soldiers fight- Midmelfingdomwasthedivisionotme - ing,attacldng, movingottinmeml Delta into two tallies, east and-west. Dynasty r spear blades of bronze, stringer 14mlesthewestempartdomtouemphis. . ttianmecopperbladeeongypt while Dynasty 16 is alsothought to rule during theoomposlte bow. with much 1641-4539 (though no one is certain where greater range and impact than this later dynasty ruled). At the same period, the older long how; their shields ‘ . , Dynasty 15ndedtheeastempelta atAvafis. werelighterandeasierto deploy ‘me‘lfitl'lDynastylsthedynastyotthe l-tyltsos, ' fromdifierentangleeYetthe 1 it! "Rulelsofthehill-comw. (3) Atflfissamepedod. gradual developmentofAvans ; . "Dynastyflruledmuchofl‘igypttromtheFayum suggeststheydidnotdescend l downtown (Elephantine). Dynastyt? ruled uponitin'war. melangtradition ‘ from West Wishes). King Apophls of Marie of Palestinian presence in the stmckanaltlancewith‘lca'matoadvanceon eastemDeltaanddnei-iykecs‘ _ west from the south, urhllethe mebanswere emanation and asshhilatioh 1 engagedfighfingkvansbutmeirmessages ; ongypfianwaystusingluew were intercepted. onth'e desert routes watdaed glyphios, for example) makes‘it . closelybyWasl: Apopttisnfiithatanjhad seemutatuieywerelong-fime the'tuler oi ’lhebes, Sedan-cure Tao ll, residents in Egypt. When assassinatea-thisaccmmtoffltelfingof Josephin Genesis, wassotd Darlotess(Apophlsistlleserpentwhiclma. intobondageinEgyptandrose wimfitehelpofsefltandaastdeleatseach ininflueneewiththePharaom night)cutlingotitheTheban king'ashewas hieownwlturewaslnclose - in the temple of Ra. worshiping the Sun at relationship with that oil-tie high noon. resembles a story Mitch lies close , Hyksos ruler. WhenAhmose to the heart of Masonic rendition (remember the finally defeated the Hyksos. ' three blows to the skull and the mummy oi - the Theban army had taken for Seqenenre Tao ll). Kemoee, son ot'Seqenenre its own the powerful innovations Tao, attacked Averis, but could not break through its at the Hyksos military. defenses (the walls were 40' high and 27‘ thick). " Ahmose, accompanied by Ahmose, Son at lbana The New Kingdom (Dynasty ‘ , as his military commander, eventually conquered 18. Ahmese to ‘l‘utaAnldn-Amun. I Maris. Ahmose of lbana won tour-awards otgold 1539-1318 BC). Ahmose for his valor. Curse tablets show the Wild hate decreed divine honors and sta- . that led to the massacre of the people of Sharuhen tus for his grandmother Tetishari the main commercial center of southem Palestine Women-have special authority W . ; (Retjenu). Ahmoee ("the Moon lsbom") tounds the in the New Kingdom. The pro- . :.j.New Kingdom-in 1539. repossessmg Nubia down liferation of names in MOSES , to Buhen, and retortifying the “Two ways of Horus“, and MESSES show .the Sun j. v. memajornadehimybetweentheDettaand orMconglvinghirthlfltea ' ‘ . q Retjenu, built (111an the Middle Kingdom. human woman, with streaming a: Review Sheet Page: I ‘ (Flew Kingdom. musty 16‘, sent.) . placental fluid. The last “S” is the feminine pronoun “HER”- The name Harnesses thus means “Fla has given hlrth to HER" i This is bizarre, humor more than Alternator! (Akhenaton) (Amenhotep lV) representing himself that listing hips. breasts. without a phallus. . In his Hymn to the Men, Akhenaten writes elf-the Sun as ‘our'Mother". This . carries us back to the pre~dynastic era when $45an was the before Fla, whose daughter or sister later. mythology madel'rer to be. The Sun as feminine is in early indovEuropean (German: die Some) and in the Stone Age religion. At his capital Akhetaten (modern Amsrna) Alcherla't'err appeared for all to see with his six ‘ daughters climbing on his arms and in his lap ' along with his wife, the beautiful Nefeetiti. - in this way we may say that the New Kingdom brought to fulfillment Egypt's eievafion oi‘womsn in the marriage of. Heaven (Nut) and Earth (Gab) and in the mating of“ leis with Osiris. After'Ahmoise, Tutmosesj is given special — mention in our texts. The ATLAS. dates his reign 1493-1481, but the date may be earlier, ending 1500 BC. The glory days of Karma anti the Kushitss wind up about 1500, ancl EGYPT UNOOVERED details Tuimoses’ heme invasion of Kusn down to Kenna (the killed general of Kush was hung upside down from the mast of Tutmoses' ship, the whole three-month journey. basic to West). But this text leaves open Whether 'l‘uimoses actually attacked Karma and destroyed it. ' Tutmoses l was the first ruler to he hurled in the Valley of the Kings. He brought the gods of Egypt and its mythology into Kush were they grew in‘iamillarity until the.25th Dynasty (700’s- Hatshepsut was featured next: She ruled at least 15 years ‘ - The ATLAS gives 1473-1458 so When her husband. Tutmos'es ll, died; .She‘ became guardian for his son hy‘ another princess, Tutmoses ill. She dressed as a king with a ermine-protector. was shown beside a small bull I (a Standard misfit the king was “Mighty Bull"). The priests sup- porteti her, and she inst-misc a story of how Atumand the gods decreed she should rule ( in her temple at Delr el'Bahri , right beside Monijuhotep it’s temple) She pictured herself with cows , ears and encouraged a? (rampart son with Hathor,_ thus skilfully combining the “Mighty Bull" with a female deity known for love. desire, but also great rage (November .1 5 was .Hatho‘r's ‘d‘eseentfrom haven‘t Her trip‘to Punt on the Red Sea for. incense and fi'snidneense. for - ebony (hebny in the leoal - ‘ ‘ ' language) and for gum (item)- Shows us a reign unmarked by- I. . wars. a time stresses and luxury. HatshepSut’s lover was Vizier , and smiteet of her temple at. Deir el Behri - .Senenmutfi‘ '1 _- ' - Tumosss lll was famous fer his strength (he drove an arrow through three thicknesses of popper and slew awnd elephant ' his intense in research {he ores; 'ted a library on Botany and ‘ 600's BC) considered“ them more their own gods grew experimental plants the .~ -~ than native Egyptian. "‘ The mater war ~ _ god and mighty power for Nubia and Kush was a V lion god named .APEUEMAC. special greenhotIse he designed his tireless. campaigning for 22, , years against Retjenu and. ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2009 for the course CC 31915 taught by Professor Nethercutt during the Fall '08 term at Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine.

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