history_lec

history_lec - HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE ON ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR A...

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HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE ON ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR A. PREHISTORIC SUPERSTITIONS * Demon Possession * Trephining * Exorcism B. EARLY SCIENTIFIC EXPLANATIONS * Hippocrates (Greece) (ca. 400 B.C.) Theory of the “Imbalance of Humors:” - Four humors (choleric, melancholic, phlegmatic, sanguinic) - The imbalance of humors can bring about mental illnesses such as: - Melancholia (= depression) - Mania - Hysteria Hippocrates also recognized the importance of: - Heredity of mental illnesses - Role of psycho-social factors - Some ideas about the role of the brain Treatment ethic: - First do no harm! C. RETURN TO SUPERSTITIONS * Dark Middle Ages (5th-10th Centuries) * Mass Madness (13th Century), e.g. - Tarantism : Dance Mania ("St. Vitus's Dance") - Lycanthropy : Belief to be turning into a wolf * Witchcraft (15th through 17th Centuries)
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D. RENAISSANCE AND RISE OF HUMANISM (late 15th C.) * Gradual return to rational, scientific thought * Emphasis on human welfare E. REFORM MOVEMENTS (1) Moral Treatment Movement
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This note was uploaded on 07/16/2009 for the course PSC 168 taught by Professor Zane during the Fall '07 term at UC Davis.

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history_lec - HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE ON ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR A...

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