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Unformatted text preview: 1 Psychology 151 4/13/2009 Chapter 4: Social Chapter 4: Social Chapter 4: Social Chapter 4: Social Perception Wrap Perception Wrap Perception Wrap Perception Wrap-up up up up Chapter 5: The Self Chapter 5: The Self Chapter 5: The Self Chapter 5: The Self Why does type of attribution matter? Affects peoples response to the behavior Emotion Judgment Behavior Viewing the Social World: The Self Esteem Approach vs. The Social Cognition Approach The need to feel good about ourselves Motivated to see ourselves and those we care about in a positive light The need to see the world accurately Accuracy for predicting and controlling Gaining rewards, avoiding punishments The Self-Esteem Approach: The Need to Feel Good about Ourselves Most people need to maintain reasonably high self-esteem Acknowledging major deficiencies in ourselves is very difficult Self-Esteem Peoples evaluations of their own self-worth; the extent to which they view themselves as good, competent, and decent. Source of image: Microsoft Of ice Online. Who am I? Physical Social (relationships, memberships, roles) Psychological (traits, states, attitudes) Holistic Chapter 5: THE SELF Who are you? How did you come to be this person you call myself? Self-concept thoughts & beliefs about who we are Self-awareness act of thinking about ourselves Source of image: Microsoft Of ice Online. 2 THE SELF Chimps & orangutans, and possibly dolphins, have a self-concept Age 2 As we grow older, self- concept becomes more complex Source of image: Microsoft Of ice Online. Gallup (1977): Do chimps have a self-concept? 2 groups of chimps One in isolation, one in social environment Place chimps in cages with mirrors Collect baseline measure of touching forehead Anesthetize chimps and put red dot on forehead Return to cages and count forehead touches Results Baseline-- social and asocial chimps touch foreheads the same amount Red Dot-- social chimps touch foreheads more Evidence that they know that the reflection in the mirror is them -- socialization is important...
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This note was uploaded on 07/16/2009 for the course PSC 151 taught by Professor Pickett during the Spring '07 term at UC Davis.
- Spring '07