p151_ch6_dissonance_post

p151_ch6_dissonance_post - 1 Psychology 151 Chapter 6...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Psychology 151 4/15/2009 Chapter 6 Chapter 6 Chapter 6 Chapter 6 The Need to Justify our Actions: The Need to Justify our Actions: The Need to Justify our Actions: The Need to Justify our Actions: Cognitive Dissonance Knowing Ourselves by Social Comparison How do we use others to define ourselves? One way is to measure our own abilities and attitudes by seeing how we stack up against other people. Knowing Ourselves by Comparing Ourselves to Others Social Comparison Theory: Social Comparison Theory: Social Comparison Theory: Social Comparison Theory: Festinger Festinger Festinger Festinger The idea that we learn about our own abilities and attitudes by comparing ourselves to others Knowing Ourselves by Comparing Ourselves to Others (1) When do you engage in social comparison? • When there is no objective standard to measure yourself against, and you are uncertain about yourself in a particular area. Knowing Ourselves by Comparing Ourselves to Others (2) With whom do you choose to compare yourself? • Compare to others roughly comparable to ourselves • Because we are interested in accurate self- perception Knowing Ourselves by Comparing Ourselves to Others If we want to know the top level to which we can aspire, we engage in upward upward upward upward social comparison social comparison social comparison social comparison You’ll feel better about yourself if you engage in downward downward downward downward social social social social comparison . 2 Downward social comparison Comparing oneself to others who are worse off Comparing oneself to others who are worse off Comparing oneself to others who are worse off Comparing oneself to others who are worse off • Interviews with women with breast cancer – Patient w/ one lump removed: “How awful it must be for women who had a full mastectomy” – Older patient w/ mastectomy: “The people I really feel sorry for are these young girls” – Young patient w/ mastectomy: “If I hadn’t been married, this thing would have really gotten to me” Self-concept in action...
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This note was uploaded on 07/16/2009 for the course PSC 151 taught by Professor Pickett during the Spring '07 term at UC Davis.

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p151_ch6_dissonance_post - 1 Psychology 151 Chapter 6...

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