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Unformatted text preview: 1 Psychology 151 5/4/2009 Chapter 9 Wrap Chapter 9 Wrap Chapter 9 Wrap Chapter 9 Wrap-up: Conflict & Cooperation up: Conflict & Cooperation up: Conflict & Cooperation up: Conflict & Cooperation Chapter 10: Attraction & Relationships Chapter 10: Attraction & Relationships Chapter 10: Attraction & Relationships Chapter 10: Attraction & Relationships “Try to reason about love, and you will lose your reason.” — French proverb Similarity • There is no strong evidence for the complementarity view (i.e. that opposites attract) • Rather, similarity is a powerful predictor of attraction • Classic study by Newcomb (1961) – Randomly assigned to dorm rooms – Similarity = liking • Link between similarity & attraction is quite robust: – Opinions and personality – Interests and experiences Why does similarity matter? • We expect that people who are similar to us will also like us – More likely to initiate contact w/ them • Similar others validate our own views/actions/experiences • We make negative inferences about those who disagree w/ us on important issues Reciprocal Liking • One of the most potent determinants of our liking someone is if we believe that that person likes us • Can happen b/c of the self-fulfilling prophecy – when we expect that someone likes us, we elicit and show warm behavior • Moderated by self-esteem The Person Next Door: Proximity Proximity Effect Proximity Effect Proximity Effect Proximity Effect The more we see & interact with people, the more likely they are to become our friends. Why proximity matters • Several reasons, but mere exposure plays a role – Classroom study (Moreland & Beach, 1992) – IV: exposure to confederate (0,5,10,15) – DV: judged attractiveness of photographs 2 What is attractive? Of course, beauty is in the eye of the beholder (culture, time) But some features hold across culture, & babies prefer attractive faces On the power of attractiveness • Attractive children are more popular with peers, teachers, nurses • What is beautiful is good - “Halo Effect” – Attractiveness = superiority on other traits – Sociable, popular, happy, assertive, intelligent, etc....
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This note was uploaded on 07/16/2009 for the course PSC 151 taught by Professor Pickett during the Spring '07 term at UC Davis.
- Spring '07