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P151_ch15_health_pos - Psychology 151 Chapter 15 Social Psychology Health"Twixt the optimist and the pessimist the difference is droll The optimist

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1 Psychology 151 6/1/2009 “Twixt the optimist and the pessimist the difference is droll: The optimist sees the doughnut but the pessimist sees the hole.” —McLandburghWilson,1915 Source of image: Microsoft Of ice Online. Effects of Negative Life Events Stress when people feel unable to cope w/ demands from their environment. Source of image: Microsoft Of ice Online. Effects of Negative Life Events • Social Readjustment Rating Scale The higher the “life change” score, the Source of image: Microsoft Of ice Online. Top 5 Stressors for College Students •Concern over meeting high standards •Being lonely •Fear of wasting time •Troubling thoughts about the future •Not getting enough sleep Most studies on stress effects are correlational, not experimental… Cohen, et al. 1991, 1993 What Makes an Event Stressful? Types of stressors • Major life events • Everyday hassles • Negative vs. positive • Predictable vs. unpredictable • Controllable vs. uncontrollable Perceived Control Perceived Control The belief that we can influence our environment negative outcomes.
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2 • Speech (e.g., arrange room), Movie night, Plant • Happier, more active
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This note was uploaded on 07/16/2009 for the course PSC 151 taught by Professor Pickett during the Spring '07 term at UC Davis.

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P151_ch15_health_pos - Psychology 151 Chapter 15 Social Psychology Health"Twixt the optimist and the pessimist the difference is droll The optimist

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