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p151_Prejudice_RossAvilla_students

p151_Prejudice_RossAvilla_students - Chapter 13 Prejudice...

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5/7/2009 1 Chapter 13: Prejudice Prejudice – negative attitude toward people solely on the basis of group membership Discrimination – negative action toward people solely on the basis of group membership Stereotypes – generalization about people solely on the basis of group membership Expectations about traits, values, likes, etc… In common = Applies to all members of the group whether or not the given expectations fit Prejudice effects EVERYONE Prejudice can be based on nationality racial and ethnic political ideology sexual preferences gender sexual orientation religion appearance weight age abortion in the past disabilities diseases hair color profession grade level
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5/7/2009 2 Bond et al., 1988; Psychiatric Hospital Black patients exhibited fewer cases of violent behavior, but were over 6 times as likely to be physically/chemically restrained within first 30 days This difference disappeared after 30 days Staff finally got to know (individuate) Black patients Up to 1920’s: Race Psychology Saw Whites as superior to non Whites Scientifically sought to prove non Whites were less intelligent, “evolutionarily backwards”, and “excessively sexual” 1920’s – 30’s: The Big Shift Scientists weren’t getting expected results Led to the question: Why is there prejudice?
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5/7/2009 3 1950s: Prejudiced Personality How could Nazi’s perform such horrors? Answer: Those people must be sick! Dawn of “prejudiced personalities” Authoritarianism Discovery of “generalized prejudiced” Right wing Authoritarianism Authoritarian submission Submission to authority Authoritarian aggression Aggression toward those who don’t Conventionalism Strong adherence to tradition Strong aversion to change Social dominance Orientation Preference for hierarchical society Aversion to those who “don’t know their place” Views dominant group as naturally superior Adherence to “Legitimizing Beliefs” Paternalistic Myth – subordinate groups are weak, but we take care of them Reciprocal Myth – groups serve different roles and dominant and subordinate groups are both needed Sacred Myth – group hierarchy is determined by God
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5/7/2009 4 Worldview RWA = The world is dangerous and threatening SDO = The world is a competitive jungle Motivation RWA = Defend social order, eliminate threats to tradition, established norms, and authority figures SDO = Defend ingroup’s status, eliminate threats to ingroup power and authority Prejudice RWA = more prejudice toward groups that threaten tradition, norms, and authority E.g., sexual minorities, homeless, rock stars, drug addicts SDO = more prejudice toward groups that threaten ingroup superiority E.g., Blacks, women, Jews, Asians RWA and SDO account for 50% of prejudice!
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