PSC 151 lecture 2 apr1

PSC 151 lecture 2 apr1 - 04/01/09 Lecture 2 PSC 151 Chapter...

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04/01/09 Lecture 2 PSC 151 Chapter 2 Methodology: How social psychologists. Imagine that you had the misfortune to be attacked by a stranger on a city street under what conditions would you be most likely to have someone come to your aid? C. When only one other person was present to witness the attack. In the early 1960s, an infamous murder occurred in the Queens borough of New York City. A young woman named kitty Genovese was stabbed to death while in the courtyard of her apartment complex. The attack lasted 45 minutes, and at least 38 observers watched the murder from the windows of their apartment above. However, not a single one of them attempted to help Genovese, not even by telephoning the police. Why don’t people take an action and do something about it in these kinds of situations? People not do it because they feel like they are not responsible for it. (diffusion of responsibility). Some people do not want to be part of the police investigation. Some people think, it is probably not that serious that they need to be taking care of like false alarm. People agreed that living in a metropolis dehumanized us and leads inevitably to apathy, indifference to human suffering, and lack of caring (pg, 30) Bibb Latane and John Darley (the researchers had the hunch that, paradoxically, the more people who witness an emergency, the less likely it is that any given individual will intervene) (pg, 33). There were some researchers that showed that the people started to think that there is something wrong with New Yorkers. Women are not save there. * This whole story (Murder) is also in the book too so there is high chance of it being in the test. Book notes: There has been warning about how the results of some of the experiments you encounter will seem obvious because social psychology concerns topics with which we are all intimately familiar—social behavior and social influence. (pg, 30) The experiments that are done in other labs such as physics is different than the labs for social psychology because in other labs we cannot connect our life to it but in social psych class, we can connect to the experiment. People tend to make comments like “they already knew that this would have happened”
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but the tricky part is to say the same thing or predict it before the experiment has been started. Inspiration from earlier theories and research. Many studies stem from a researcher’s dissatisfaction with existing theories and explanation. o In the 1950s, for example, Leon Festinger was dissatisfied with—that made specific predictions about when and how people would change their attitudes. (Pg 32) A researcher might believe that he or she has a better way of explaining people’s behavior.
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PSC 151 lecture 2 apr1 - 04/01/09 Lecture 2 PSC 151 Chapter...

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