Chapter 22 - Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which of the...

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Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which of the following statements concerning ring satellites of the planets is true? A) They are present around Saturn and Jupiter, but not around Uranus and Neptune. B) Have orbits that do not coincide with the equatorial planes of the parent planets. C) They are thin, solid disks revolving around the parent planets in polar orbits. D) Consist of concentrations of particles generally smaller than 10 meters in diameter. Answer: D Diff: 1 2) A cluster of three, large, fresh looking, impact craters shown in radar images of the surface of Venus best supports the conclusion that __________. A) erosion and weathering are very slow processes on Venus B) volcanism was very active during the first billion or so years of the planet's history C) tectonism is still very active on Venus D) Venus was recently hit by a large, three-unit, cluster asteroid Answer: A Diff: 1 3) Which pair of solar system bodies comes closest to approximating a "double planet", that is two bodies of roughly equal mass are close enough to revolve around each other as they orbit around the Sun? A) Uranus; Saturn B) Earth; Venus C) Venus; Mars D) Pluto; Charon Answer: B Diff: 1 4) __________ occurs when an object in the outer reaches of the solar system passes between Earth and a far distant star, temporarily blocking light from the star. A) Elliptation B) Acculturation C) Decantation D) Occultation Answer: D Diff: 1 5) Which one of the following statements is a logical explanation for why the Venusian atmosphere contains much more carbon dioxide than Earth's atmosphere? A) Limestone deposition is common on Earth but absent from Venus. B) Carbon dioxide-rich, icy asteroids in orbits near the Sun continue to bombard Venus but miss Earth. C) Volcanism on Venus has been inactive since early in the planet's geologic history. D) Venusian atmospheric and surface temperatures are much lower than Earth's. Answer: A
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Diff: 1 6) The __________ explains how our solar system probably formed from a giant cloud of gases and dispersed solid particles. A) extrastellar solar hypothesis B) planetary compression theory C) protogalactic theory D) nebular hypothesis Answer: D Diff: 1 7) __________ meteorites are thought to be analogous in composition to Earth's core. A) Iron B) Stony C) Ammonical D) Calcareous Answer: A Diff: 1 8) Compared to Earth's atmosphere, the atmosphere of Mars has surface pressures that are __________. A) 3 times those on Earth; major gases are water vapor and carbon dioxide B) 1.5 times those on Earth; main gases are methane and nitrogen C) one-half those on Earth; main gases are methane and nitrogen D) 0.1 times those on Earth; major gases are water vapor and carbon dioxide Answer: D Diff: 1 9) As the solar system was forming, __________ came closest to undergoing nuclear fusion and becoming a second sun. A) Earth
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Chapter 22 - Multiple-Choice Questions 1) Which of the...

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